Shaheed or Shahid means Martyr in India also. In India it applies as Martyr who gave up his/ her life for nation.
Sikhism The word shahid (Punjabi: ਸ਼ਹੀਦ) is also found in Sikhism, a
religion founded by Guru Nanak in the northwest part of the Indian
subcontinent (now Pakistan and India). It means a martyr.
The term was borrowed from the Islamic culture in Punjab when Sikhism
was founded, and before the start of the British Raj it referred to
the Sikh people who met death at the hands of Muslims. Another
related term is shahid-ganj, which means a "place of
The most discussed shahid in Sikhism have been two of their Gurus,
namely Guru Arjan and Guru Tegh Bahadur for defying Islamic rulers and
refusing to convert to Islam. Guru Arjan was arrested under the
orders of the Mughal Emperor Jahangir and asked to convert to
Islam. He refused, was tortured and executed in 1606
CE. Historical records and the Sikh tradition are unclear
whether Guru Arjan was executed by drowning or died during
torture. His martyrdom, that is becoming a shahid, is
considered a watershed event in the history of Sikhism.
Guru Tegh Bahadur's martyrdom resulted from refusing to convert and
for resisting the forced conversions of Hindus in Kashmir to Islam
because he believed in freedom of conscience and human rights. He
was publicly beheaded in 1675 on the orders of Mughal emperor
Aurangzeb in Delhi. Gurudwara Sis Ganj Sahib in Delhi marks
the shahid-ganj, or place of execution of the Guru.
The Sikh have other major pilgrimage sites, such as the shahid-ganj in
Sirhind, where two sons of Guru Gobind Singh were buried alive by
Mughal Empire army in retaliation of their father's resistance. In
Muktsar, near a lake is a shahid-ganj dedicated to forty men who died
defending Guru Gobind Singh.
India celebrates Martyr's day also known as Sarvodaya day
Although the Sarvodaya Day is celebrated on 30th January on the death anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi, the greatest martyrs have been Bhagat Singh, Shivaram Rajguru and Sukhdev Thapar, not limited to these.