I recently learnt that some states in India have a Bicameral legislature whereas some others have a Unicameral legislature. Why is this so?

FYI: The Parliament of India (at the national level) follows a Bicameral system of legislature.

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    Don't know about India in particular, but this sort of thing is not unheard of internationally. See for example Nebraska (US) and Queensland (AU).
    – Kevin
    Sep 9 '19 at 17:40

The constitution of each state in India is determined by the state (within some boundaries). There are some advantages to a unicameral system (simpler, cheaper, less bureaucracy) and some disadvantages (less effective scrutiny, only one system of representation). It has been a matter of the state to decide whether the advantages outweigh the disadvantages. Ultimately this is a matter of judgement.

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