There are reports about China conducting forced organ harvesting. I'm not sure why the Chinese government would need to do this. If it was about money, I'd assume they'd have to sell the organs on a black market but a) it's a government, they should have plenty of money, and b) the Chinese government has cracked down on crime, so I can't see why they'd want to encourage that sort of black market. Don't they have plenty of organ donors? If they didn't, why not try to recruit more people without force?
There simply aren't "plenty of donors". In Europe and America, there is a chronic shortage of donor organs, with many people waiting years for a suitable organ to become available. In Europe, there are ongoing campaigns for more donors to come forward, and particularly to talk to families about donation (since it is the next of kin who has the last word on whether an organ donation takes place). In Europe, demand is matched to supply by the death on the waiting list of many who could benefit from a donor organ.
There is no reason to suppose that China would be so very different. In fact with lower rates of car ownership and less traffic to cause fatal accidents you might think that organs would be rarer in China. And yet the report notes that waiting times in China are substantially lower than in Europe. While I am generally sceptical of the report (which doesn't seem to be from an unbiased source), this is part of the evidence that China has a source of organs that doesn't depend principally on the deaths of young people in car crashes.
Moreover, assuming these (rather questionable) report to be true, then China is using murder and forced donation as an instrument of state terror to drive people away from a religious group that it sees as a threat to the state.
Thus the benefits to China would be twofold: A good supply of healthy organs for transplant and the elimination of a perceived threat to the stability of the country.
There is zero doubt that China is awash in organs.
So much so that rich non Chinese, people from around the world, are flooding into China for organ replacements. (I personally know of at least two first hand sources who have gone to China for organs.)
Now is it harvesting?
The traditional Chinese attitude is against organ donation Which to be fair is not necessarily a bad idea. I know many a doctor in the US who REFUSE to sign up as organ donor, because they have witnessed the unbridled enthusiasm the organ transplant teams show towards every car crash victim. The words in the medical community is, they are less likely to do the 100% you might want them to do to save you, if you are an organ donor.
So, given Chinese reluctance to donate organs, where are all the surplus organs coming from?
They admitted to once getting organs from prisoners. They say they have stopped
It is something you can choose to believe or not. But one thing no one can deny is, China has a lot of organs.