In a comment to my previous question: Why is there no call for Hamas to protect and reduce civilian casualties? a comment was posted:
how can Hamas protect the civilians considering the prolonged blockade of Gaza and its extremely limited means of protection and defense in the face of Israeli overwhelming onslaught against Gaza?
I will concede it is a valid concern.
Those supporting Hamas have said:
the severe total siege against Gaza that is in place now for almost a decade disables Hamas from building effective shelters for a 1.8 million population trapped in a small area of land against relentless Israelis attacks that come from all directions. So it is unwise to expect Hamas which is just a popular resistance by an impoverished people against the 4th largest world military power to protect the civilians against relentless rain of death and destruction by the Zionist army, navy and air force!
So for this question assume the claims of Hamas are largely accurate that this war is actually the result of aggression by Israel and that they are not using human shields. It would be in the interest of those civilians being caught in the cross fire that it be made plain to the international community. What actions can Hamas take to show to the international community that it is seriously attempting to mitigate this problem and trying to step up to protect the innocents that are becoming victims in this war, without surrendering to Israel?
Please note - "with out surrendering to Israel" should be assumed to include giving up the fight, stopping its attacks, or accepting the terms being imposed on it by Israel or anything along the spirit of that. And any answer saying there is nothing they can do should adequately explain why.