I lived in China for many years but never visited Tibet itself, although I did visit several towns and small cities in Gansu and Sichuan provinces that are predominantly Tibetan. The Tibetans I saw were happy, had money (from breeding yaks) and had cultural & religious freedom, with many monks walking around and many monasteries. So here's my 2 cents -
1) For the past few hundred years Tibet was considered part of China, more or less. Not only that, there have been cultural relations between the Chinese and Tibet going back a thousand or more years. These relations included Chinese Emperors marrying Tibetan princesses and vice-versa, the spread of Tibetan Buddhism to as far north as Mongolia and the establishment of a major Tibetan monastery in Beijing, which is still functioning today. Tibetan people also spread into nearby Chinese provinces. The Nationalists, who governed China before they lost the civil war to the Communists in 1949, certainly would have held on to it if they had won.
2) In about 1951, many Tibetan people rose up in revolution against the Tibetan government. So obviously it had autonomy to some extent from the government of Beijing. This rising up was almost certainly inspired by the Chinese revolution of the previous decade. You need to know that the average Tibetan people at that time lived in absolute poverty and were serfs, i.e., they were slaves owned by rich land-owners. They were truly treated little better than cattle - it was one of the most extreme cases of serfdom that have ever existed. When their revolution was not going very well, they appealed to the Chinese for help, which they got and the revolution succeeded. The land-owning class mostly went into exile along with their leader, the Dalai Lama. Ever since then, and even before, the Dalai Lama has been supported by the CIA. The people in Tibet now get an education (including in the Tibetan language), healthcare, etc. etc. and are thankful that they are part of China. Yes, I think there's a small amount of resentment at the influx of Chinese moving into Tibet to live but this is necessary for strategic purposes and the people recognize that this is balanced by the benefits of being freed from serfdom, a vastly improved standard of living and being an autonomous region within China. These stories of Chinese "repression" of the Tibetan people are 99% propaganda from the West. The only ones being repressed are those being led by and working with interests from outside Tibet/China, in an attempt to weaken and split China. Britain wanted to get Tibet when it had most of the Indian subcontinent as colonies and later the U.S. took over as the major Western nation hoping to gain control over it.
So the differences between Tibet and the West Bank are that the people are treated well, they welcome being part of China and they have a certain amount of political autonomy within the nation of China. They are not trying to rise up against the Chinese as you have been led to believe.