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I'm not sure I understand why the Government called off the Brexit vote today, after the Letwin amendment passed. The BBC reported

After five hours of MPs debating the government's new Brexit deal in the Commons, there will not be a vote on the deal today.

MPs backed an amendment to the government's motion on the deal (the Letwin amendment).

No 10 has decided to send MPs home and cancel the next vote.

The government is now expected to introduce legislation next week - with a first vote possibly on Tuesday.

Is it because the vote on the deal that was supposed to happen today didn't involve actual legislation?

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    Related: UCL's Constitution Unit has published an article about recent spin and misreporting relating to parliamentary procedure - and this story about "pulling the vote" is singled out as an example. – Steve Melnikoff Oct 24 at 10:25
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The quote is a little misleading.

Motion #1 on the order paper was to approve the Withdrawal Agreement. However, the Letwin amendment was agreed on a division, and the amended motion was then agreed without a division.

Motion #2 was to approve a no-deal:

That this House approves the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union under Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union on exit day, without a withdrawal agreement as defined in section 20(1) of the European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018.

An amendment to reject this had been submitted. However, the government did not move this motion (as is their right), so no debate or vote was held, and it is this motion that the quote in the question refers to.

This was presumably because the government felt that it would not win - especially since Letwin and others made it clear that they were likely to vote for the WA once it has been subject to greater scrutiny as part of the implementing legislation, which is due to be debated by Parliament this week.


UPDATE: The day's Votes & Proceedings have now been published. Note that the no-deal motion is entirely absent, because it was not moved.

  • What does "agreed on a division" mean? Is it "with the same number of votes"? I thought a division means "enough disagreement that counting votes is necessary", when it's not obvious by just shouting aye and no. – Volker Siegel Oct 20 at 2:58
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    @VolkerSiegel A division involves the House literally “dividing”, where all MPs who want to vote Aye (yes) walk through the Aye lobby and are counted; and MPs who want to vote No walk through the No lobby and are counted. The alternative is a voice vote, where no count is made. So “agreed on a division” means that the amendment was agreed with a counted vote. “Agreed without a division” means that a voice vote was used. – Steve Melnikoff Oct 20 at 7:25
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The short version is the Letwin amendment made the main vote legally pointless.

The following vote was to be the one on the main motion, that is the original motion, as modified by the amendments which passed. The original motion was

That, in light of the new deal agreed with the European Union, which enables the United Kingdom to respect the result of the referendum on its membership of the European Union and to leave the European Union on 31 October with a deal, and for the purposes of section 1(1)(a) of the European Union (Withdrawal) (No. 2) Act 2019 and section 13(1)(b) of the European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018, this House approves the negotiated withdrawal agreement titled Agreement on the withdrawal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland from the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community and the framework for the future relationship titled Political Declaration setting out the framework for the future relationship between the European Union and the United Kingdom that the United Kingdom has concluded with the European Union under Article 50(2) of the Treaty on European Union, as well as a Declaration by Her Majesty’s Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland concerning the operation of the Democratic consent in Northern Ireland provision of the Protocol on Ireland/Northern Ireland, copies of these three documents which were laid before this House on Saturday 19 October.

and passing this test would have voided the Benn Act, and triggered all the actions in the original Withdrawal Act, mean Brexit with a deal on the 31st October 2019.

The Letwin Amendment passed however. This modifies the original text thus

Line 3, leave out from “deal,” to end and add “this House has considered the matter but withholds approval unless and until implementing legislation is passed.”.

So now the motion basically says "We'll back the deal if we like the legislation which permits it". In particular, this means the Benn Act still applies, and Mr. Johnson is under a legal obligation to request a further extension to the negotiation period (until the 31st January) from the EU.

It appears the Tory leadership didn't see any value in holding this vote, and would rather attempt to muscle through a "deal or no deal" meaningful vote next week or later in the month.

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    This will be evident when today's Votes & Proceedings is published, but the cancelled vote was motion #2, to approve no deal. Re motion #1 quoted above, having voted to make the amendment, the Commons approved the amended motion without a division. – Steve Melnikoff Oct 19 at 16:46
  • ...And here's the Votes & Proceedings. – Steve Melnikoff Oct 20 at 11:51

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