We will return to the question of the title, and it is the primary question, but I would like to begin the train of thought with a somewhat different question:
Was it negligent for Jewish people to live in countries at risk of having their territory conquered by the Russian Empire or the USSR?
Territory was conquered by the Russian Empire, and when the Russian Empire became the USSR, that territory was controlled by the USSR, and Jewish people weren't permitted to leave, at least according to various sources who use the word "refusenik" and also suggested by various sources giving statistics on Jewish emigration from the USSR in various time periods.
Specifically, we can compare the number of Jewish people who emigrated from the USSR between August 23rd 1939 (the date when the Molotov-Ribbentrop pact between Germany and the USSR was officially announced as having been signed) and December 8th, 1991 (the date when Yeltsin and the leaders of Belarus and Ukraine signed an agreement ending the Soviet Union, and Gorbachev resigned) ...
... with the number of Jewish people who emigrated (from territory of the former USSR) between December 9th, 1991 and October 2019.
Nevertheless, people such as Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn express outrage that Jewish people had influence, from within the USSR, on the policies of the USSR. Of course, if territory where they were living was conquered, and then they were not permitted to leave, then inevitably any influence they had would most directly and immediately affect the country that conquered that territory.
The above train of thought may, however, give rise to another consideration. Territory conquered by the Russian Empire and USSR wasn't necessarily thought of as "territory that contains a significant number of Jewish people." It may have been of interest primarily for other reasons, with little attention paid to the presence of Jewish people.
On the other hand, if we consider Egypt's wars with Israel, such as in 1948 and 1973, then it strains credibility to suggest that people in Egypt who were in favor of involvement in those wars barely noticed that there were Jewish people living in the territory where Egyptian soldiers were being sent to fight.
Let us suppose that it has been political leadership talent rather than luck that accounts for why Egypt hasn't experienced an event like what happened to the Russian Empire in 1917. In particular, does the historical record show that Egypt had extensive and mutually beneficial relations with the Russian Empire, but avoided interacting with the USSR after the Bolsheviks took power, or after Bolshevik power was consolidated, because of the danger of Jewish influence within the USSR affecting Egypt?
After the USSR officially recognized Israel very early, did the USSR's change of policy to alignment against Israel mean that there was no danger for Egypt in making deals with the USSR? How did the USSR's change of policy with respect to Israel erase all Jewish influence within the USSR, and how could it suddenly cause the United States to become "The Great Satan", with allegedly too much Jewish influence within the USA suddenly affecting the policies of the USA?
Returning to the original question: Does the talent or luck of Egypt's political leaders explain why Egypt hasn't had a revolution like the one of the year 1917 in the Russian Empire?
I recognize that on matters involving the Middle East, Israel, and Jewish people there tends to be a lot of controversy about what is factual background information and what is exaggeration or pure invention. Therefore, I encourage answers that supply citations to reliable reference sources, along at least one short excerpt from each source.
Specifically, I think that it would be most appropriate to focus attention on sources that are thought to be completely reliable. If you provide more than one reference source, then claims made by the sources should be consistent with each other, because it is possible to have two sources that conflict with each other and for neither of them to be accurate. Furthermore, if you rely entirely upon one source, then what you are doing is not exactly "research" aimed at learning about the world, but more like textual analysis of a book, akin to Biblical exegesis.