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As far as I understand it, the pledge of allegiance is an oath or expression of allegiance to the United States, and is made by students in many (most?) schools throughout the USA, as well as at the start of Congressional sessions.

Do any other countries have such an exercise? If not a pledge to their flag and republic, to something else, like a monarch or their parliament?

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    To be clear, you're asking about contemporary, not historical oaths, and you're also not asking about military oaths? – bishop Nov 26 '19 at 8:28
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    I suppose so, yes, comparable to the US pledge as it is today. – CDJB Nov 26 '19 at 8:29
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    Do you mean in schools in particular (for which many countries have no equivalent), or other places too (e.g. parliament), which is more common? – Steve Melnikoff Nov 26 '19 at 9:54
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    I’m more meaning pledges made by the average ordinary person; whether that be in schools or place of work; I’m sure practically every country has some sort of oath of office for elected officials. – CDJB Nov 26 '19 at 9:56
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    I'd be dumbfounded if North Korea didn't have several – Valorum Nov 28 '19 at 17:29
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Indeed, there are other countries with ritualized pledges to flag and country:

Some other countries also have ritualized pledges expressing love of country and ideals, without specific reference to flags or symbolism:

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    Are these routinely uttered on a daily basis though? – Lightness Races with Monica Nov 26 '19 at 21:20
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    @LightnessRaceswithMonica Yes. Rukunnegara is at least weekly in schools. NP of India is semi-daily in urban-ish schools, and at public events. At least when I was a kid. – bishop Nov 26 '19 at 21:27
  • Kids these days... youtube.com/watch?v=ZhcJhxbiWL8 Eh, get off my lawn. – bishop Nov 26 '19 at 21:31
  • I meant to add that to the answer – Lightness Races with Monica Nov 26 '19 at 21:37
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    I am a middle aged urban indian and I never listen about it or deal with it in my whole life. So I guess it is not well known in india. but as I did not attend public functions like republic day/independence day etc., So may be they are the place, where these things happens. – kuldeep.kamboj Nov 28 '19 at 6:09
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I think many other countries have an equivalent, but only for people acquiring that nationality by choice. In my country, for example, we have an Oath of Fidelity to the Nation, used at the ceremony for new citizens and compatriots (see http://www.inis.gov.ie/en/INIS/Pages/citizenship-updates)

I think people born in a country would have no need to pledge or re-pledge allegiance to what is already their native country. I'm not sure why you would want to do this unless there is some doubt about people's allegiances, which is clearly important in places with conflicting social or political backgrounds.

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    I'm not sure I agree with "many other countries" - indeed I think the whole point of the question was that USA is distinctly unusual in this behaviour. – Mike Brockington Nov 28 '19 at 12:57
  • Yes, the USA seems to be unusual this way. Perhaps it's a relic of the uncertainties over allegiances in their War of Independence or Civil War? – Peter Flynn Nov 29 '19 at 18:25
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Answering for Kenya, we do have a loyalty pledge, though it is extremely rare to hear it being recited even in national holidays like independence day. We used to recite it while in primary school just after singing the national anthem. However, it has come to fade and does not receive much attention. In fact, if you were to ask an 18 year old to recite it they would probably be like 'we have such a thing?'. This is because it was used during the reign of the second president (Daniel Arap Moi, 1978-2002) as a means to instill patriotism especially in kids. It was a time when the political environment was quite stiff. This blog indicates a shared opinion of what it was really about. It was mandatory to recite it then, unlike now, where only the national anthem is sung. So to answer your question, yes for Kenya, but more of a historical thing.

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In the United Kingdom, persons who become naturalised citizens swear allegiance to the monarch and their lawful heirs and successors. Non-religious people may affirm instead of swearing an oath. Judges, military personnel, public notaries, and clergy of the Church of England, do likewise on taking office or being admitted to their respective status. Holders of various important offices take the oath as soon as possible after assuming office, and members of either house of Parliament and the Scottish Parliament and Welsh Assembly must do so before they can take their seats.

Some people, including police officers in England and Wales, and members of the Privy Council who have a more elaborate oath, swear only to the current monarch. Presumably they are re-sworn when there is a new monarch.

Native-born citizens who don't become any of the kinds of public servant listed above normally go through their entire lives without taking any oath of allegiance, as I have. The idea of schoolchildren taking it at frequent intervals is one of the things that seem very strange about the USA to the British.

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