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Specifically, what rights does a non-EU member in the EEC not have? And what restrictions can it avoid being out of the EU but in the EEC?

  • Weirdly it came up in the related links, but didn't come back in the search bar when trying to flag the duplicate. I had to use the threadID to link them. – Jontia Jan 5 at 20:21
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    The other question doesn't address what Norway would gain by entering the EU. – Relaxed Jan 5 at 22:22
  • @Relaxed: I agree, but to keep answers from duplicating material on the other page, it would be better if this question was edited to focus on the gains. – Fizz Jan 6 at 1:30
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What it would gain: A direct influence on EU policy (concretely that means a seat at the Council and a permanent representative but also a Commissioner, judges at the EU courts, EU civil servants, etc.) that it must implement anyway. Right now, Norway is effectively a rule taker.

What it would lose: Independent fisheries policy. There would probably be a few other adjustments, maybe some budget contributions and of course an apparent loss of sovereignty but the main thing is clearly the fisheries.

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  • Is the size of the Norway payments the same as their EU contributions would be as a full member? The financial payments have been a big talking point throughout the Brexit period. – Jontia Jan 6 at 9:49
  • @Jontia I have been wondering myself. I am not aware of any professional simulation and it's difficult to work out exactly. I suspect it would pay more into the EU budget but it would also get more of this money back. Ultimately, I suspect they would pay quite a bit more (in net terms). As a back of the envelope calculation, taking the overall Norwegian contribution to the Norway and EEA grants for 2009-2014 works out to about €65 per year and per person. That compares to a net UK contribution of €113 per person for 2017. – Relaxed Jan 6 at 19:53
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    But, everything else being equal, Norway would pay more than that as it is richer and wouldn't enjoy a rebate, perhaps something like the €200/inhabitant paid by Denmark (so potentially between two and three times as much as now). – Relaxed Jan 6 at 19:59

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