Specifically, what rights does a non-EU member in the EEC not have? And what restrictions can it avoid being out of the EU but in the EEC?

  • Weirdly it came up in the related links, but didn't come back in the search bar when trying to flag the duplicate. I had to use the threadID to link them.
    – Jontia
    Jan 5, 2020 at 20:21
  • 2
    The other question doesn't address what Norway would gain by entering the EU.
    – Relaxed
    Jan 5, 2020 at 22:22
  • @Relaxed: I agree, but to keep answers from duplicating material on the other page, it would be better if this question was edited to focus on the gains. Jan 6, 2020 at 1:30
  • Do you actually mean Norway is a member of the EEA? Norway doesn't seem to have been a member of the EEC, while that org existed as such. ("The Norwegian people had finally rejected membership in a referendum on 25 September 1972"). And of course they later (1994) rejected EU membership as well. Dec 29, 2020 at 18:05

1 Answer 1


What it would gain: A direct influence on EU policy (concretely that means a seat at the Council and a permanent representative but also a Commissioner, judges at the EU courts, EU civil servants, etc.) that it must implement anyway. Right now, Norway is effectively a rule taker.

What it would lose: Independent fisheries policy. There would probably be a few other adjustments, maybe some budget contributions and of course an apparent loss of sovereignty but the main thing is clearly the fisheries.

  • Is the size of the Norway payments the same as their EU contributions would be as a full member? The financial payments have been a big talking point throughout the Brexit period.
    – Jontia
    Jan 6, 2020 at 9:49
  • @Jontia I have been wondering myself. I am not aware of any professional simulation and it's difficult to work out exactly. I suspect it would pay more into the EU budget but it would also get more of this money back. Ultimately, I suspect they would pay quite a bit more (in net terms). As a back of the envelope calculation, taking the overall Norwegian contribution to the Norway and EEA grants for 2009-2014 works out to about €65 per year and per person. That compares to a net UK contribution of €113 per person for 2017.
    – Relaxed
    Jan 6, 2020 at 19:53
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    But, everything else being equal, Norway would pay more than that as it is richer and wouldn't enjoy a rebate, perhaps something like the €200/inhabitant paid by Denmark (so potentially between two and three times as much as now).
    – Relaxed
    Jan 6, 2020 at 19:59

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