Yesterday congress of Czech second-biggest political party ODS took place.

On one of the vice-chairman positions were elected Alexandr Vondra. In his candidate speech, he mentioned that from all European countries, only the Czech Republic and Slovakia don't have their own national birds (and that the Czech Republic should have).

There is really no Czech national bird. I found out some sources about Golden Eagle being the Slovakian national bird. But I found nothing looking official.

I wonder how does this national bird thing works more generally in Europe.

  • Is it common between the European countries to have national bird officially stated?
  • Is it true that there is no other European country without a national bird except Czechia and Slovakia?

2 Answers 2


Is it common between the European countries to have national bird officially stated?

France has no official national bird. The Gallic rooster has been used to represent France for a very long time but has no official status. From Wikipedia,

The Gallic rooster (...) is an unofficial national symbol of France (...). The rooster is also the symbol of the Wallonia region and the French Community of Belgium.

The official website of the Elysée palace, the official residence of the President of the French Republic while in office, has more information about the history of the rooster as a symbol of France. In particular,

Proposé comme emblème à Napoléon Ier par une commission de conseillers d'Etat, il fut refusé pour la raison suivante : " le coq n'a point de force, il ne peut être l'image d'un empire tel que la France ". (...) Naturellement dédaigné par Napoléon III, il devient un symbole quasi officiel sous la IIIème République : la grille du parc du Palais de l'Elysée construite à la fin du XIXème siècle est ornée d'un coq et la pièce d'or frappée en 1899 également.

My translation:

Proposed as an emblem to Napoleon I by a commission of state councilors, it was refused for the following reason: "the rooster has no strength, it cannot be the image of an empire such as France". (...) Naturally disdained by Napoleon the III, it became a semi-official symbol under the Third Republic: the gate of the Palais de l'Elysée built at the end of the 19th century is decorated with a rooster and the 1899 gold piece too.

The second article of the fifth (and current) constitution of the French Republic details what are the symbols of France:

La langue de la République est le français. L'emblème national est le drapeau tricolore, bleu, blanc, rouge. L'hymne national est « La Marseillaise ». La devise de la République est « Liberté, Égalité, Fraternité ». Son principe est : gouvernement du peuple, par le peuple et pour le peuple.

My translation:

The language of the Republic is French. The national emblem is the tricolor flag, blue, white and red. The national anthem is "La Marseillaise". The motto of the Republic is "Liberty, Equality, Fraternity". Its principle: government of the people, by the people, and for the people.

Is it true that there is no other European country without a national bird except Czechia and Slovakia?

The second question does not ask about an official national bird, so it is difficult to answer. What defines a national bird?

Wikipedia has a list of national birds by country, and which ones are official. Most entries have a source but they are difficult to evaluate (the German entry is linked to a website in German, the source for the gallic rooster is a seemingly unrelated Australian website,...).

Czech Republic and Slovakia are not in the list in Wikipedia, but neither are Portugal and Spain (thanks @SJuan for the comment).

  • 4
    Spain is not in the list, either, and AFAIK there is no official bird or anything like that (plant, flower, K-pop band, favorite Spice Girls song, whatever) "official". And just for the sake of completeness, often I see Portugal linked to the rooster of Barcelos but that is more of a figure representing a rooster than the rooster itself, and it is completely unofficial.
    – SJuan76
    Jan 20, 2020 at 8:52
  • 1
    The list you linked is wrong in some places. The german Bundesadler (federal eagle) is not a golden eagle but a stylized eagle that isn't any actual species. See this official source: bundestag.de/parlament/symbole/adler/adler-198402 ("The artistic design of the eagle has thus been given a wide scope, because the only thing that is specified about the appearance of the heraldic animal is that it is single-headed, its head turns towards its right wing, has no crown on its head and hovers in the shield.")
    – Polygnome
    Mar 2, 2020 at 16:50
  • The source for Italy is the website of the Italian Birdwatching association, which conducted a poll among its members to select it. Better than nothing, but hardly "official". Dec 17, 2020 at 16:08

No, this is not common. The Wikipedia page lists "official" status, and commonly it's not official. It might be elected by an informal vote by some media organization, for example. The page lists 116 sources so it's hard to quote all of them, but in general it is hard to prove a negative.

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