In Scandinavian countries such as Denmark and Sweden, their parliaments tend to be comprised of district seats (allocated based on vote count within the district) and levelling seats (allocated based on vote count nationwide).
It's not clear to me how they allocate levelling seats to political parties when they are already using open-list proportional representation. From what I understand, there are two possible ways of doing this:
- Each party makes a closed-list before the election, and they just run it down based on how much adjustment seats they get after the votes are counted.
- After the district seats are counted, each party combines all the lists from every district then forms a new list. They then rank the un-elected candidates based on the vote they received, and continue to run down this combined list based on how much adjustment seats they get.
How does it actually work?