Donald Trump has been described as a populist, yet he imposes high tariffs on China. He has gained bipartisan support for this, but there are Republicans who do disagree. Populists, from what I've read, are against high tariffs. Ever since the Gilded Age, there were Republicans that were against high tariffs much like contemperary Democrat, William Jennings Bryan. Why do Trump's trade policies not align with Populist ideals and what are the similarities in the division of the Republican party now to the break in the party in 1909?
I'm doing a research paper on tariffs and I'm comparing Trump's current trade war with China and the high tariffs he's placed on them to the Payne-Aldrich Tariff Act of 1909 signed by William Howard Taft, which was a high tariff on imports. Both time periods produced similar results; the Republican party split into two parties in 1909 and some Republicans are not on board with Trump's actions towards China, however, he has oddly received bipartisan support from some Democrats. I want to find out why these Republicans do not support high tariffs because I know other Democratic counterparts don't either. When I researched populism, I came across William Jennings Bryan and how he fought against high tariffs and I want to see if some Republicans have populist ideals.