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Interestingly enough the EP groups usually portrayed to the right of the EPP, namely the ECR and ID, did not gain any seats from Romania or Hungary in the last EU elections.

One could argue that Hungary "doesn't count" because Fidesz was illiberal enough to get suspended (indefinitely for now) from the EPP. Furthermore Jobbik (which got one seat) might be nominally in the "NI" (non-inscrits) but their further-right character (than Fidesz) is of little doubt. Even in Romania, their Social Democrats have been accused of flirting with PiS-style illiberalism in justice reforms. (PiS is main party in the ECR.)

But besides these two countries, are there other EU countries where neither the ECR nor the ID gain any seats in the 2019 EU elections? And if so, can it be said that more mainstream parties in such countries have somehow co-opted [some of] the illiberal discourse (like in Hungary and Romania) and/or are there Jobbik-like "non-inscrits" in such countries?

  • Not relevant to the question, but a strange recent phenomenon is that Jobbik in the last 3-4 years used a much more moderate language than Fidesz. They also kind of weakly cooperate with the other opposition parties such as social democrats (MSZP, DK) or greens (LMP). They basically switched position with Fidesz on the on the right side (but not in terms of the number of supporters, of course). – Adam Gyenge Feb 11 at 11:58
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The answer seems to be Cyprus, Ireland, Luxembourg, Malta, Portugal and Slovenia. Portugal, followed by Ireland and Slovenia are by far the largests of these countries.

As far as Ireland goes, there has certainly been commentary why no ID-like part has emerged over there. (Some point to Sinn Fein as occupying some of that space in terms of nationalism but with different enough characteristics otherwise, i.e. social orientation.) Methinks that an Eurosceptic platform (typical of ID and also some ECR parties) is bound to do poorly in Ireland as long the transparency of the Irish border is tied to more EU integration.

There's also commentary why Portugal's populist right-wing (PNR, Chega) does poorly; it seems related to the lack of recent immigration from the Middle East and lack of Islamist attacks. This seems to also correlate with low levels of Euroscepticism. What Euroscepticism exists in Portugal appears to have been captured by the (far) left parties: the PCP and the BE.

For the smaller countries, I suppose there might have been a "crowding out" effect too as their number of allocated MEPs was small to begin with so less centrist/mainstream parties would have a harder time getting seats in such circumstances. I don't know enough about the politics of the smaller countries to comment further, but none of these sent any "non-inscrits" either.

Below is a list of EU countries next to which I marked whether they have parties in ECR and/or ID EP groups (which is a bit broader than beloning to the same-named EP party--observer status and so forth):

Austria (ID: FPÖ), Belgium (ID: Vlaams Belang; ECR: Nieuw-Vlaamse Alliantie), Bulgaria (ECR: IMRO), Croatia (ECR: HKS), Republic of Cyprus (??), Czech Republic (ECR: ODS), Denmark (ID: Dansk Folkeparti), Estonia (ID: EKRE), Finland (ID: Finns Party), France (ID: Nantiona Rally), Germany (ID: AfD), Greece (ECR: Greek Solution), Hungary (??), Ireland (??), Italy (ID: Lega), Latvia (ECR: National Alliance), Lithuania (ECR: LLRA–KŠS), Luxembourg (??), Malta (??), Netherlands (ID: PVV, ECR: FvD, SGP), Poland (ECR: PiS +2more), Portugal (??), Romania (??), Slovakia (ECR: SaS), Slovenia (??), Spain (ECR: Vox), Sweden (ECR: Sweden Democrats)

At least two of those countries I marked as "??" did have one ECR member in the past, according to Wikipeida:

On 27 October 2015, Monica Macovei, from M10 [Romanian] political party left the EPP to join the ECR.

On 8 March 2016, Eleni Theocharous of the Cypriot Democratic Rally was admitted to the group from the EPP.

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