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Refugee law is the branch of international law which deals with the rights and duties States have vis-a-vis refugees.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Refugee_law

Refugees are protected by the refugee law. In a crisis like now (Corona) all affected countries are in a emergency state. Like in an emergency state we have a conflict between human rights (freedom and security) there is a dilemma of security and asylum.

  • Are you considering a particular scenario? Blocking refugees at a border due to disease-related travel restrictions? For most other issues, refugee law is based on equal treatment with comparable groups, if everybody is restricted in their travel, refugee law doesn't prevent restricting refugee travel, etc. – Relaxed Mar 26 at 19:18
  • There is no International Law. In practice, it is "Whatever you can get away with." During a crisis, there is a lot more one can get away with. – Sjoerd Mar 27 at 2:10
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International law generally assumes that sovereign states have relationships and treaties. That's the concept of Westphalian Sovereignty, named after the negotiations to end the 30 years' war. In recent times, various actors have pushed for limits to this sovereignty in the name of universal principles, notably the Responsibility to Protect. How these two interact is still very much in flux.

Traditional international law recognizes that states do have the right to take extremely drastic steps to fight epidemics, not just keeping people out but also keeping people in. How an international treaty signed by a state interacts with the domestic law of that state is usually up to the courts of that state to decide.

International courts like the ECHR get jurisdiction when a sovereign country voluntarily submits to their judgement. International courts which override this sovereignty are quite unusual, and usually involve the UN Security Council for authorization.

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