I hope this is the right sub to post this in.

I am looking for a peer-reviewed study which compares the number of violent incidences committed by police officers against civilians in different EU countries. I don't want to include the military police that are present in some countries.

I have spent a bit of time searching on Google Scholar, but haven't come up with any good papers. Can someone point me towards some reliable literature? I am not really interested in people's opinions or anecdotes!

  • 1
    It can't be the Dutch, seeing they aren't even allowed tasers because it would "invite violence".
    – A.bakker
    Apr 24 '20 at 18:27
  • 1
    I meant EU - I've edited the post
    – user438383
    Apr 24 '20 at 18:30
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    Is there a specific definition of "unlawful violent offenses" you have in mind? Since the use of force by police is rarely prosecuted, there are lots of violent actions that are not technically unlawful. If you look at prosecution rates, you might find the countries with the best police departments (because they accurately prosecute violent officers) not the most violent ones (who ignore violence).
    – divibisan
    Apr 24 '20 at 18:31
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    The question needs work. Every arrest in which the suspect is handcuffed is violent (putting handcuffs on someone without consent is common assault, if you aren't making an arrest) there are degrees of violence that counting doesn't reflect. And you need to consider justification. A police force may have a high number of killings because of violence in society means that officers are more often under threat and find that they have to defend themselves. Do you intend to include defensive violence?
    – James K
    Apr 24 '20 at 21:20
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    I think a meaningful question should include military-style forces as long as they are employed domestically in peacetime. Anything else would distort the numbers.
    – o.m.
    Apr 25 '20 at 14:33

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