Minneapolis has voted to disband its police
The Minneapolis city council has pledged to disband the city’s police department and replace it with a new system of public safety, a historic move that comes as calls to defund law enforcement are sweeping the US.
Another question had been asked in this vein, but it was asking for opinions. The given answer linked to this article as having examples of disbanded police forces
In 2012, with crime rampant in Camden, New Jersey, the city disbanded its police department and replaced it with a new force that covered Camden County. Compton, California, took the same step in 2000, shifting its policing to Los Angeles County.
In both cases, you have a small urban area inside a larger one, where you can easily merge policing efforts. Camden's reforms are described thus
The transformation began after the 2012 homicide spike. The department wanted to put more officers on patrol but couldn’t afford to hire more, partly because of generous union contracts. So in 2013, the mayor and city council dissolved the local PD and signed an agreement for the county to provide shared services. The new county force is double the size of the old one, and officers almost exclusively patrol the city. (They were initially nonunion but have since unionized.) Increasing the head count was a trust-building tactic, says Thomson, who served as chief throughout the transition: Daily, noncrisis interactions between residents and cops went up. Police also got de-escalation training and body cameras, and more cameras and devices to detect gunfire were installed around the city.
The City of Minneapolis is about 5 times the size of Camden County, meaning there is no larger entity to merge with. As such, Minneapolis will have to do something truly different here.
One thing I have noted is it sounds very much like the police unions were a problem, a charge also levied at the Minneapolis police
Mayor, Jacob Frey, was elected on a promise to reform the police department, with a strong emphasis on community policing. But he has said the union has resisted all such change. In addition, Frey said he is “hamstrung by the architecture of the system” of the union contract and arbitration which makes it difficult to discipline and dismiss officers for abuses.
I don't think the goal here is simply to displace the police union (unions have historically been allies of the Democrats, although this particular union did back Trump in 2016). Camden's police have re-unionized. But there is something to be gained by eliminating a union that is standing in the way of reform.
What systems are being proposed to replace the police?