Looking at data from the Baltimore Sun, in 2011, there were 196 homicides in the city. By 2019, this had risen to 348, with similar figures over the last 5 years - an increase of about 78%.

There are similar figures for the number of violent crimes, with 8,885 reported in 2011, rising to a high of 12,430 in 2017, with the last reported number by the FBI being 11,100 in 2018.

I wondered whether this was due to an increase in population, but according to the US Census Bureau's Annual Population Estimates for 2010-2019, Baltimore's population has actually fallen from 620,961 at the 2010 census, to 593,490 in 2019, a decline of 4.4%, so the per-head crime rate is increasing in this sense as well.

What local or national government actions or policies can explain this dramatic increase over the last decade?

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    I have no idea why this received a close vote as it's not off-topic. Government actions and policies obviously can impact crime rates in many ways both good and bad. – Just Me Jun 24 at 12:22
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    @Fizz I'm a bit more generous in my reading of the question than you are - I read it as implicitly asking about government actions and policies. It's a trivial edit to make that explicit. IMO missing a few words from a question is not a good reason to close it as being off-topic. – Just Me Jun 24 at 13:27
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    If you look at the year by year number, it looks like this wasn't a general trend, but a single sharp jump from 2014 to 2015. From 2007 to 2014, the rate dropped from 280 to 211 (with 2011 being an outlier year with a significantly lower rate than any other). From 2014 to 2015, however, homicides jumped from 211 to 344 and then have remained roughly flat since then. I don't have an explanation, but it's an interesting pattern and might help to focus in on the question – divibisan Jun 24 at 15:05
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    Now that I've seen politics.stackexchange.com/help/on-topic I'd agree that this question is clearly off-topic. It's a shame there is no Sociology SE or something similar. – Brian Z Jun 24 at 15:33

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