I came across this article today: Poor and desperate, Pakistani Hindus accept Islam to get by and my question is inspired from that article.

It was suggested to include non-Indian sources. Here is one

There would be several examples probably where poor minorities in Pakistan have to convert to Islam to get food or dignity.


Are minorities in Pakistan excluded from social security schemes in the country?

  • The article directly states, "Treated as second-class citizens, the Hindus of Pakistan are often systemically discriminated against in every walk of life — housing, jobs, access to government welfare." So to be clear, is your question just asking for evidence to support this assertion, with particular respect to government welfare?
    – Brian Z
    Aug 6, 2020 at 14:26
  • @SeverusSnape, Religious freedom violation in Pakistan is known to probably all. --- like this: Men arrested for converting to Islam?
    – user366312
    Aug 6, 2020 at 18:16
  • @SeverusSnape, It was suggested to include non-Indian sources. Here is one --- The same article just a different newspaper. :)
    – user366312
    Aug 6, 2020 at 19:52

2 Answers 2


Not a very complete answer, but I hope it may be helpful to note that certain specific NGOs in Pakistan are accused of discriminating in the distribution of aid.

Here is a press release from the U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom. It says that the USCIRF Commissioner urges, "the Pakistani government to ensure that food aid from distributing organizations is shared equally with Hindus, Christians, and other religions minorities." It links to a news story about the Saylani Welfare International Trust as an example of the alleged issue.

I would not say this proves that the assertion asked about in the question is entirely accurate, but it does point to the possible context of the conversions.


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Firstly, (and this is important) when asking any question on Pakistan, kindly avoid citing Indian sources:

The linked article is written by Maria Abi-Habib who writes for NYT and is based in New Delhi, India. I checked her written articles in NYT and I found that all of her Pakistan related writings are full of negative connotations of Pakistan.

The linked article says:

At independence in 1947, Hindus composed 20.5% of the population of the areas that now form Pakistan. In the following decades, the percentage shrank rapidly, and by 1998 — the last government census to classify people by religion — Hindus were just 1.6% of Pakistan’s population. Most estimates say it has further dwindled in the past two decades.

... this is a false statement as by 1971 East Pakistan (aka Bangladesh) got separated from West Pakistan and most of the Hindu population was from the East and they stayed in the East.

This article also doesn't make any distinction between forced and voluntary conversion.

Most of the Hindu population lives in the interior of Sindh which is a hot, arid, and inhospitable place to live in. No option for them to grow food. So, it is nearly impossible for them to change their financial status.

Also, Sindh is a very corrupt province of Pakistan where the Pakistan People's Party(PPP) is in power and PPP doesn't let the federal government interfere in Sindh and the ruling party PTI is having a tussle with PPP in this regard. So, the situation is the same for all. Hindus are neither an exception nor targeted.

By the way, as far as I recall, last year PM Imran Khan distributed Health Cards to the poorest people of the interior Sindh.


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