Switzerland is in the Single Market for Manufactured goods as it closely follows relevant EU rules, and is also in a Customs Union for Manufactured goods, thereby granting full access in this sector. But at a cost of having to pay substantial Fees and allow Free Movement.

Ukraine, on the other hand chooses to uni-laterally follow many EU rules on Manufactured goods, but is not in a Customs Union, but nevertheless has significantly reduced tariffs in this sector. Ukraine is not subject to Free Movement or substantial Fees.

Lets imagine one possible scenario where Ukraine (or a Labour-led post-Brexit UK for that matter) chose to 'add-on' a Customs Union for Manufactured goods so that it did not require 'Rules of origin' checks. That would mean Ukraine has close to full access for Manufactured goods, yet without the Free Movement or substantial Fees.

So what is the crucial difference between this hypothetical deal and Switzerland's current access for Manufactured Goods?

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    I don't think Switzerland is in a customs union with the EU; goods entering Switzerland from the EU have to pay customs at the border (I would assume the opposite is true, but living in Switzerland I'm more concerned with what I can import). – Diego Sánchez Aug 7 '20 at 5:55
  • Only Manufactured Goods are party to the Customs Union, as they have full access in both directions. Agricultural goods are not, as they are still subject to 'rules of origin' checks. – Pat-S Aug 7 '20 at 7:40
  • bbc.com/news/uk-44054594 Scroll down to Switzerland-France. – Diego Sánchez Aug 7 '20 at 13:04
  • So it looks like Switzerland is outside the CU in all areas, and the 'Full Access for Goods' refers to specially negotiated priveleges for 'rules of origin' (as well as zero-tariffs and mutual recognition of product standards). That is something that the EU do not want to replicate with any other country. Moreover, it is unlikely that the EU would offer any country something resembling a hybrid Turkey-Ukraine deal, as that is basically Full Access without the Fees. At the very least a (partial) compromise on Free Movement will be sought, like some sort on 'enhanced mobility' arrangement. – Pat-S Aug 8 '20 at 14:19

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