The Republic by the Spanish Wikipedia is:
Republic (from latin res publica, «the politic, the public»), in a wide sense, is a politic system based on the law's empire, the law ( the constitution) and the equality before the law as a way to stop the possible power abuses of the rulers, the government or the majorities, with the objective to protect the fundamental rights and the civil liberties.
If in theory all the citizens are equal before the law, having same rights, they should have the same chance to become a candidate for any government position as governor or president for example. Then:
- Why some Republics request to their citizens for a party's support, a huge signature list or money to become a candidate?