I am not an USA citizen, I was not ever in the U.S. But I could visit the USA embassy any time, where I could probably get easily a tourist visa. The only reason for me to not do this, is that I have better place for my money than buying the tickets.
Imagine that I do that at autumn 2024. Then, I arrive, for example, in New York, about at late Oct. I would find a place to live on Airbnb. Until then, I could visit your wonderful streets which I can do even for free, on the google street view, and which look exactly so as of my country.
Then, as the day of the election comes, I would simply visit the nearest election office and I would vote for a candidate. After that, I would simply fly back.
You have no personal identification cards. You would hear on the spot, that my first language is not English and not Spanish, but it has no legal consequences, and anyways a lot of your visitors has the some problem.
So, what avoids me to vote for your next president? If I would be there, what would happen?
And what would happen if I make a secret video from the whole process and put it to the youtube?In lesser democratic countries, which are regularly threatened by sanctions/bombardments by your government, this is working so:
- Only citizens are allowed to vote. There are exceptions. For example, in the EU, also the citizens of other EU countries can vote in local elections. But these are rare.
- Everybody who can vote, is registered already before the election.
- All the vote happens on paper, which is given to the voter right before the vote. Such things like "electronic voting", "voting without an ID card", or "voting in mail without personal presence" is unthinkable. Here are some exceptions, like for persons with disabilities, but these are all strictly controlled and require a reason.
- The voter votes with a pen, where no one can see, how is he voting.
- The voter puts the vote in a closed envelope, and puts the envelope in a closed box.
- All the - opposing interested - parties have a delegate in all election places.
- They watch the voters, the box, and also each other. They have the instruction, who to call if they see any problematic.
- To vote, the voters has to show his/her official ID card, with that he/she can vote only in the place of the election where he/she lives. It is registered, who has voted (but it is impossible to register or even to know, for who).
- After the vote, the place of the election closes, and the delegates open the box, and they count the votes on the spot. All the delegates count all the votes, meanwhile they watch also each other. If any suspicious happens, they still have the alarm phone line.
- After the counting happened, they create a document of the election record for that voting place, and they also report their local results to the voting central. The election results for all voting places is public.
- Everybody goes home. The delegates are going typically in a local pub to drink and watch the results.