This is a cropped photo from a recent article ("In Last-Ditch Bid for Brexit Deal, Leaders’ Theatrics Show the Stakes", NY Times):

enter image description here

I think I've seen similar past photos of the PM or other UK politicians with binders or papers.

Addition - here are a few more examples:

enter image description here


enter image description here


What is he actually carrying? I don't mean only in these examples, but in general what (sorts of) papers or documents would the UK Prime Minister normally need to carry around in ring binders? Aside from the fact that you'd think there would be aides or other staff to take care of things like that [and in fact there are two other people also carrying similar things], they aren't even in a bag not to mention that many people prefer digital forms these days. Of course it could be some kind of official paperwork that needs to be on paper, but that seems like a strange thing to carry around so casually.

Or maybe its just a prop, for the cameras?

  • I find the the idea of it being similar to the Red folder in "The Martian" amusing. Basically, when holding a press conference, the red folder contains bad news, and an alternative blue folder exists that contains the good news
    – MindSwipe
    Commented Dec 7, 2020 at 14:20
  • Do you want us to say that BoJo uses cheap salesmen techniques like "always carry something in your arms to look serious and busy"? (which, honestly, would not surprise me, but I could be wrong of course...)
    – Déjà vu
    Commented Dec 7, 2020 at 16:28
  • @e2-e4 only if that's the case (and there's some objective evidence of that) Commented Dec 7, 2020 at 16:30
  • Maybe he's been handed the Penske File. Commented Dec 8, 2020 at 0:40

2 Answers 2


The most probable answer here is that he is carrying notes for his speech. enter image description here

The caption for that image is

Britain's Prime Minister Boris Johnson holds a folder as he delivers a statement outside 10 Downing Street in central London on September 2, 2019

There is also another similar image of him carrying the folder after leaving Prime Minister's Questions (PMQs):

enter image description here

Another possible answer is that he is carrying budget documents. There is an article in the Daily Mail that calls it that. The folder could actually contains both as he would have use for both of them while answering PMQs. It could also just be a prop for the camera as many MPs hold a folder when leaving parliment.

Another unlikely answer is that he is carrying the letters of last resort which are equivalent to the nuclear code in the United States.

  • 18
    It would not be the letters of last resort, because those are not retained by the PM. They're stored in the captains' safes aboard the Trident submarines, so they're accessible if needed. The UK does not assume that sub-to-shore communications will be available after a nuclear attack. Commented Dec 7, 2020 at 8:20
  • 2
    A key point about Prime Minister's Questions is that the PM doesn't know in advance everything he's going to be asked. He therefore goes in with notes on a range of topical issues that his aides think might come up, indexed (as seen in the photo) so that he can quickly find relevant information.
    – avid
    Commented Dec 7, 2020 at 13:25
  • What I think probably makes this answer correct is that it explains the context of where he's going which was not apparent from the photos themselves or even necessarily the articles the photos were used in. If there were some other photos of the PM clearly NOT about to give a speech outside #10, or on the way to PMQ or something similar, then maybe a broader answer (or an additional answer) would be needed. But since the PM exiting or being near #10 is obviously a good place to get photos of him (and they have a little bit of pregnant drama) this may be a sort of selection bias. Commented Dec 7, 2020 at 15:36
  • 6
    The Daily Mail isn't a reliable source. mediabiasfactcheck.com/daily-mail Commented Dec 7, 2020 at 17:18
  • 2
    "notes for his speech" SHEEP / SHARK Commented Dec 7, 2020 at 20:38

One thing to note is that electronic devices have only recently been permitted to be used - These guidelines from (I believe) 2010 quote the Speaker as saying in 2007:

It remains unacceptable for a Member speaking in the Chamber to be prompted by information on the screen, or for a device to be used as a prompt by a Member — or a Minister for that matter — participating in proceedings.

The latest rules of behaviour are more permissive:

The House has agreed to the use in the Chamber of hand-held electronic devices provided that they cause no disturbance and are not used in such a way as to impair decorum. Their use should be confined to enabling your participation in debate. You may use electronic devices in place of paper notes in debate and may consult them when you are not speaking.

Whether they can be consulted while speaking seems unclear to me - "in place of paper notes in debate" would suggest yes, "may consult them when you are not speaking" [emph. mine] suggests no. I watch very little TV these days, even less of that news/politics, but don't recall ever seeing anyone referring to a device while speaking.

Anyway there isn't a long established practice of consulting electronic briefing notes - and they're not well suited to a process that might be characterised by opening a binder to the section on a particular subject, and reading a figure. Done well indexing is instant on paper. For example if I were doing this, maybe red tabs would be economic*, with "B" for benefits, "T" for tax, or some similar simple notation; I have yet to see an electronic system as effective and I suspect an in-house one would have to be developed at considerable cost of money and time before it would be adopted.

* my system is more complex than the PMQs example seen in another answer, but broadly similar - sticky notes headed "BAME deaths", "Kent lorries", and "Planning reform" are visible and similar tabs can be seen though not read in the 2nd photo of the question.

  • 1
    I think your last point, in the context that these papers are to be used for a presentation or speech, makes particular sense. Paper can be easier to use like that, and also is not subject to failure the way devices can be! But when the question was asked however it wasn't clear that was the context. Commented Dec 7, 2020 at 15:30
  • @UuDdLrLrSs I wouldn't rule out more general briefing notes, but by the time I saw the question there was a picture that looked like it showed a sort of ready-reference folder. There's perhaps a broader question about expecting instant answers from politicians, that I won't get into now.
    – Chris H
    Commented Dec 7, 2020 at 15:33

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