Can a future president fully pardon any military commanders convicted of or charged with insubordination or any similar crime for refusing to follow orders of a current POTUS to take military or nuclear action that they deem as extreme or illegal?
- Correlated Sub-question: And is there anything illegal or that'd disallow a certified president-elect from making a public statement before their inauguration that they would consider fully pardoning any military commander charged with or convicted of such correlated crimes?
Wasn't sure if the presidential power of pardon has any limits such as being prohibited from being used to pardon a military official or commander that's charged or convicted while actively serving, etc.
As per the the post "Quickly prevent POTUS from initiating military or nuclear operations?" and the answers received there, it seems the only "quick" solution for that concern is for military commanders to weigh the risks of disobeying the current Commander in Chief which they could be charged with a crime and decide to take such action of not.
As per the post "If the VP resigns, can the 25th Amendment still be invoked?" and answers received there, the only other way to prevent the POTUS from taking military or nuclear action would be to invoke the 25th Amendment. However, this is unlikely to happen since it requires both Pence and either the majority of Trump's cabinet or majority of Congress with Pence being the main driving factor in invoking it.