Edit: Thank you for your helpful comments. Based on them, I decided to modify my Question.
I am wondering how decisions are made in politics. In particular, what are the skills the politicians involved need to have for the creation of policies?
Following the example of the European commission (see How to review the decision-making of the different functions of the European Union?), the basic steps for creating a policy are:
- The current state of the system, its advantages and disadvantages are assessed.
- Based on expert reports, the policy is created.
- The policy is passed on to an external committee.
From this perspective, politicians mainly need to be able to
- efficiently work in a team,
- incorporate knowledge from various fields,
- must be able to understand scientific arguments.
Questions: When it comes to creating a policy, what makes a politician different from any other profession where these 3 faculties are required? What are the difficulties a politician is facing when creating an agenda/policy?
I am happy to hear any comments on that. Any suggestions (books, articles, documentaries) on how I could deepen my understanding of the decision processes in politics, especially on how policies are created, are very welcome.