During the COVID-19 pandemic, the UN member nation's response was more or less defined by the country leaders' personality. WHO guidelines were generally followed and acted upon. However, few dangerous exceptions were also witnessed. COVID -19 has brought out a large number of inadequacies in handling global pandemic. A few of them are:-
- Under-reporting of cases.
- Outright denial of cases.
- Inadequate adoption of guidelines.
The International Health Regulations (2005) is a "legally-binding set of regulations" IHR. However, in the FAQ, it has the following clarification:-
- How will compliance with the IHR (2005) be achieved? WHO IHR
Although the IHR (2005) do not include an enforcement mechanism per se for States which fail to comply with its provisions, the potential consequences of non-compliance are themselves a powerful compliance tool.
The cause of concern for this type of regulation is "potential consequences of non-compliance" are not affecting leaders of few countries. Their action can have grave implications if future pandemics are more fatal than COVID-19.
What is preventing the UN from playing a more assertive role, at least in Global Pandemic situations?