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For the sake of this question I'm defining "classical" as "Pre-Renaissance." I am looking for quotes or sources from authors recognized as political theorists or philosophers, but if you've got interesting bits from correspondence between rulers/leaders I'm here for it.

One example of this is Plato said (addressing Glaucon), from The Republic:

And therefore every care must be taken that our auxiliaries, being stronger than our citizens, may not grow to be too much for them and become savage tyrants instead of friends and allies?

Is there anything else about this topic from the “classical” time period?

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  • @Fizz You're thinking of the Roman 'Auxilia' which were non-citizen soldiers, rewarded with Roman citizenship after a career in service. In Plato's 'The Republic' the term 'Auxiliaries' refers to the middle tier, below the ruler(s), but above the common people, who are exclusively allowed to carry arms as warriors, soldiers, and police for the State. It's not a 1:1 for modern Police forces, but it's close enough. – William Walker III Apr 22 at 14:09
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    Fair enough... Still the (more) general theme is the military ruling. Outside of the hypothetical societies, you'll probably find a lot more concerns in that period about the military usurping the "rightful" rulers than oppressing the citizens at large, I'd wager. – Fizz Apr 22 at 15:41
  • Your question is much too broad IMHO. – einpoklum Apr 22 at 20:06

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