Today China is projecting itself as the new superpower, many factor seem to indicate that the pacific coexistence between superpowers USA-China is not possible:
- US networks hacked
- The Third Taiwan Strait crisis
- US increasing its military presence in the Pacific.
America became a global superpower before the Chinese Communist Revolution, and many leaders warned about the Chinese prospect, MacArthur recommended to take measures and it resulted in his dismissal when he tried to take action:
Of even greater significance than our tactical successes has been the clear revelation that this new enemy, Red China, of such exaggerated and vaunted military power, lacks the industrial capability to provide adequately many critical items necessary to the conduct of modern war. He lacks the manufacturing base and those raw materials needed to produce, maintain and operate even moderate air and naval power, and he cannot provide the essentials for successful ground operations, such as tanks, heavy artillery and other refinements science has introduced into the conduct of military campaigns. Formerly his great numerical potential might well have filled this gap but with the development of existing methods of mass destruction numbers alone do not offset the vulnerability inherent in such deficiencies. Control of the seas and the air, which in turn means control over supplies, communications and transportation, are no less essential and decisive now than in the past. When this control exists, as in our case, and is coupled with an inferiority of ground firepower in the enemy's case, the resulting disparity is such that it cannot be overcome by bravery, however fanatical, or the most gross indifference to human loss. These military weaknesses have been clearly and definitely revealed since Red China entered upon its undeclared war in Korea. Even under the inhibitions which now restrict the activity of the United Nations forces and the corresponding military advantages which accrue to Red China, it has been shown its complete inability to accomplish by force of arms the conquest of Korea. The enemy, therefore must by now be painfully aware that a decision of the United Nations to depart from its tolerant effort to contain the war to the area of Korea, through an expansion of our military operations to its coastal areas and interior bases, would doom Red China to the risk of imminent military collapse. These basic facts being established, there should be no insuperable difficulty in arriving at decisions on the Korean problem if the issues are resolved on their own merits, without being burdened by extraneous matters not directly related to Korea, such as Formosa or China's seat in the United Nations.
All questions are related, I could split the question in different threads if requested:
- Why didn't the USA (west) take measures to stop China from became the new superpower while they can?
- Why didn't Truman let MacArthur to take action if the USA was already in the Cold War and fighting in Korea?
- Why did the UK give Hong Kong to China, when they still keep other claimed territories like Falkland Islands or Gibraltar?
- Why did the Clinton Administration handle Nuclear technology to China?
- Why is the US so aggressive against other perspective superpowers like Russia but so indulgent against China?
Note: I am not American nor Chinese, I am neutral, i am not supporting intervention nor taking sides, it just curiosity about the behavior of big superpowers.
The main question here is:
Why didn't the USA (west) take measures to stop China from became the new superpower while they can?
USA having knowledge that China will someday become their main competitor had the opportunity to undermine them, like it was done with other nations (i.e. CIA participation in Latin-America), also China never got the antagonist role Russia have today in the diplomatic relationships. UK as the main allied to the USA returned Hong Kong to China, while they keep other disputed territories like Falkland and Gibraltar.
- What makes China a more acceptable superpower to the west than other nations?
- Why didn't they stopped China in the 1950 while they could knowing that China and the USA will be in the collision course (as stated by authorities of both countries recently)? Was it impotence, miscalculation or other reason?