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The New York Times' Manchin Vows to Block Democratic Voting Rights Bill and Preserve Filibuster includes the following passage:

Senator Roy Blunt, Republican of Missouri, praised Mr. Manchin, saying on NBC’s “Meet the Press” that “we need to move forward on election reforms in a bipartisan way. I look forward to being a part of that.”

But he was noncommittal on what he would support.

“We’ll see what happens with the John Lewis Voting Rights Act and other issues I think we can deal with, and deal with in a way that’s less partisan,” he said.

The House and Senate versions of the For the People Act were always something of a legislative Hail Mary. Democrats stitched together long-cherished goals such as advancing statehood for the District of Columbia; changes to redistricting laws in anticipation of a redrawing of House districts after the 2020 census; mandating early voting for 15 days before an election, 10 hours a day; and ending voter identification requirements.

Republicans labeled it a Democratic power grab, and even some members of the Congressional Black Caucus worried that its prohibition on partisan gerrymandering would end up costing Black representation in the South.

Question: How could the US Congress' H.R.1 - For the People Act of 2021 actually cost Black representation in the South by prohibition of partisan gerrymandering? Is it only because Black representation is currently and deliberately disproportionately enhanced or at least protected by some kind of partisan gerrymandering, or is it something more subtle?


From Wikipedia:

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  • If you pack African-Americans into a few districts, Democrats get fewer seats, but you’re more likely to get African-American representatives in those districts. – Andrew Grimm Jun 7 at 3:48
  • The statements, or clear links to them, from the concerned members of the Black Caucus would substantially improve this question. – Jontia Jun 7 at 7:55
  • @Jontia in this particular case I think that finding and quoting those statements would likely answer my question. – uhoh Jun 7 at 8:03
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A majority of the members of the Congressional Black Caucus represent majority-minority districts. Many of those districts are the result of gerrymanders that aim to comply with Section 2 or Section 5 of the 1965 Voting Rights Act (the two reasons courts have accepted for permitting racial gerrymanders).

It would be difficult to write HR 1 in such a way that it could outlaw partisan gerrymanders while permitting these majority-minority gerrymanders to remain intact. Even if there was language in the bill that the drafters intended to allow these majority-minority districts to remain, there is no guarantee that the courts would follow suit. At a minimum, you'd be introducing uncertainty into a relatively settled bit of redistricting law which would invite opposing litigation.

If HR 1 passes, it is entirely conceivable that it has the overall impact of helping the Democrats by undoing more Republican gerrymanders than Democratic gerrymanders at the cost of reducing the number of Black members of the House.

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