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There was a NATO summit some days ago, in Brussels. It confirmed a decision towards Ukraine being a NATO member. Article 69 of the joint Communiqué defines specific steps Ukraine has to take in order to get ready for the membership.

For example:

The success of wide-ranging, sustainable, and irreversible reforms, including combating corruption, promoting an inclusive political process, and decentralisation reform

Sounds very ethereal for me.

Is there any concrete information about what is meant under "decentralization reform"?

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Hungary vetoes any formal contact between NATO and Ukraine until the language rights of minorities are restored to at least the 2014 level. A law then allowed counties to introduce official local languages.

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    This post has nothing to do with the original question which asked, "Is there any concrete information about what is meant under "decentralization reform"?" — your post may benefit from at least pretending to say a word about the decentralization reform. Flagging as non-answer for now. – bytebuster Jun 25 at 14:22
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    It IS answer, just because "establishing territorial communities" as part of "decentralization reform" involves european freedoms. Which are in huge contradiction of today-present oppressing Hungary, Poland and Gagausian minorities in western parts of Ukraine. – user2501323 Jun 28 at 9:01
  • @user2501323, "involves" ≠ "equivalent to". The decentralization, by definition, is when a Hujngarian speaker in a Transcarpathian territorial community pays their taxes for funding a local Hungarian-language school for his very kids (the Ukrainian-language education stays free and state-sponsored). The Hungary, on the contrary, attempts to force Ukraine's central budget sponsor a region's extra expenses. Parasiting on the state central budget is the opposite to the decentralization and self-governance. – bytebuster Jun 28 at 11:41
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    I don't get it. Those people in western Ukraine are ukrainian citizens, who are ethnic Hungarians. Why then Ukraine don't support their needs, if they want to save their national identity? – user2501323 Jun 28 at 11:46
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    @bytebuster The point is that local communities (before Maidan) had the right to use official local/regional languages besides the country-level official one. Who collects the tax from the taxpayers for such services is I think a secondary matter. – Adam Gyenge Jun 29 at 12:47
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Ukraine has taken the obligation to perform a decentralization reform. The official site decentralization.gov.ua defines "decentralization" as "Concept of Reforming Local Self-Government and Territorial Structure of Power".

The site says the reform has been inspired by provisions of the European Charter of Local Self-Government and the best world practice.

The list of concrete steps is listed in the Action Plan and includes:

  • amendments to the Constitution of Ukraine and developing a package of new legislation;
  • amendments to the Budget and Tax Codes of Ukraine;
  • adopting specific laws, including "On Voluntary Amalgamation of Territorial Communities", "On Cooperation of Territorial Communities", "On Fundamental Principles of the State Regional Policy";
  • forming a capable basic level of local self-government;
  • establishing territorial communities.

The effort has been appreciated by the Venice Commission, an integral part of the Council of Europe.

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