I think this whole issue would be clearer if people understood that the GOP goal here isn't voter suppression; the GOP goal is voter attrition. Every hoop to jump, every obstacle to navigate, every inconvenience and frustration, translates to a higher likelihood that a given voter will just say 'to hell with it' and not vote. The GOP-sponsored laws in question specifically target things that make voting more convent for lower-income citizens in more densely populated areas, because such people are far more likely to vote Democratic. They don't care if GOP voters are impacted as well, so long as more Democratic voters walk away from the polls.
For example, when the GOP:
- reduces early voting opportunities
- limits or eliminates drop-off ballot locations
- bans or restricts church or community programs to get people to the
- bars people from distributing food and drink at polling stations
the restrictions have practically no impact on rural and suburban voters. They may be slightly inconvenienced at having to drive farther, and might see see their wait time at the polling station increase by ten or fifteen minutes, but there's nothing particularly difficult in dealing with those issues. In urban regions, however, more people are forced to go the polls via public transportation, which become impacted, and large numbers of people are funneled into polling places with limited numbers of voting machines on election day itself, often resulting in wait times of two to three hours. And riding the crush of public transportation to wait two to three hours in the November chill, without access to food, water, or restrooms... That's daunting for a young person in good health, never mind someone aged, disabled, or ill.
And let's not discuss the catch-22 of requiring some specific form of ID to vote, all while closing, moving, or limiting the hours on agencies that provide those IDs. If I'm a business owner or a salaried employee I can afford to lose a day hunting down a valid ID and waiting in line to vote. If I work an hourly wage that's a lot of time and money down the drain.
To be a bit cynically frank, I prefer it when Right-wing Republicans are overtly oppressive: at least that has the virtue of honesty. This underhanded effort to use the limitations of human physiology — hunger, thirst, cold, impatience, etc — against voters is (to my mind) thoroughly despicable.