Note: Please don't devote a good percentage of your answer on criticizing China and its way of governance. Try to be explanatory and not judgemental.
So far, I have only able to grasp that China is controlled completely by The Communist Party. The Party have millions of members, out of these members the National People's Congress (may be a little equivalent to USA's Congress) and then this Congress appoints a Standing Committee for day-to-day work.
What I don't get is how everyday execution and planning goes on? The National People's Congress meet only once a year and Standing Committee have just 7 member, how does do they propose law, discuss it, pass it and implement it? Does the President of China exercise any legislative power?
In order not to let the question be very broad, I would like you to simply compare the legislative and executive model of UK (or US if you like) with China.