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News last year was that China overtook the US as the EU's largest trading partner. (Apparently that only included good and not services though.) Although COVID-related disruptions probably skewed those statistics somewhat, I'm curious in general which EU countries trade more with China than with the US. (I realize this may be somewhat difficult to account for properly, given how EU imports from China often get accrued to the Netherlands despite their final destinations etc.)

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  • It must be some, as the levels are so similar. From wikipedia the whole EU has a total trade with China of $1.09 T and with the USA of $1.11 T so they are very close.
    – User65535
    Jun 15 at 10:14

1 Answer 1

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The BBC article you've linked uses figures from Eurostat, but I can't seem to find disaggregated international trade data on their data viewer. Nevertheless, a good substitute is the UN's COMTRADE database, which does provide this information.

Seventeen of the EU27 countries traded more in goods with China than the US in 2021, as shown in the table below (figures in millions of USD). Three countries, Bulgaria, Ireland, and Malta haven't reported figures for 2021 yet, so I've used their 2020 figures.

Country China Imp. China Exp. US Imp. US Exp. China Tot. US Tot. China/US (%)
Slovenia $6,480 $400 $721 $879 $6,880 $1,600 430%
Czechia $35,413 $2,997 $5,195 $5,365 $38,410 $10,560 364%
Poland $49,663 $3,320 $10,372 $8,683 $52,983 $19,054 278%
Romania $6,379 $1,341 $1,035 $1,851 $7,720 $2,887 267%
Bulgaria 1 $1,781 $1,052 $450 $644 $2,834 $1,094 259%
Cyprus $509 $61 $139 $89 $570 $229 249%
Slovakia $7,438 $2,665 $1,106 $3,308 $10,104 $4,414 229%
Greece $5,925 $846 $1,696 $1,921 $6,771 $3,618 187%
Malta 1 $415 $47 $119 $132 $462 $250 184%
Latvia $1,017 $189 $221 $451 $1,206 $671 180%
Hungary $9,817 $2,476 $2,946 $4,149 $12,294 $7,095 173%
Finland $7,765 $4,228 $2,735 $5,401 $11,993 $8,137 147%
Denmark $9,798 $4,373 $4,413 $5,927 $14,171 $10,341 137%
Spain $41,200 $10,243 $20,213 $17,469 $51,444 $37,682 137%
Germany $169,185 $123,673 $86,513 $144,704 $292,857 $231,218 127%
France $48,194 $28,339 $31,089 $41,246 $76,532 $72,335 106%
Sweden $12,803 $7,831 $5,193 $15,304 $20,633 $20,497 101%
Netherlands $63,426 $16,625 $47,425 $33,250 $80,051 $80,675 99%
Croatia $1,219 $106 $681 $713 $1,325 $1,394 95%
Estonia $2,106 $232 $465 $1,996 $2,338 $2,461 95%
Austria $9,337 $5,757 $3,874 $12,352 $15,094 $16,226 93%
Italy $45,544 $18,458 $18,619 $57,376 $64,002 $75,995 84%
Portugal $4,600 $809 $2,358 $4,195 $5,409 $6,553 83%
Luxembourg $760 $247 $868 $425 $1,007 $1,293 78%
Lithuania $1,855 $270 $1,132 $2,557 $2,126 $3,689 58%
Belgium $10,786 $6,163 $16,474 $23,751 $16,950 $40,225 42%
Ireland 1 $7,003 $11,337 $14,813 $56,971 $18,340 $71,783 26%
UK 2 $91,162 $20,890 $59,691 $59,854 $112,052 $119,545 94%
Norway 2 $13,119 $9,330 $6,273 $4,441 $22,448 $10,714 210%
Swizterland 2 $17,669 $17,435 $20,890 $73,148 $35,104 $94,037 37%
TOTAL (EU) $560,417 $254,087 $280,866 $451,110 $814,504 $731,976 111%

Imp. = Import, Exp. = Export, Tot. = Sum of import and export
1 data from 2020
2 Non-EU country included for comparison

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