I'm wondering if any place (city, country, etc.) has planned the end of the use of ICE vehicle - for professional and/or personal use - in a legally binding way (i.e. not just a vague promise but something that will take effect if not otherwise stopped).


4 Answers 4


According to the Wikipdia article "Mackinac Island On Mackinac Island (Michigan):

Motorized vehicles have been prohibited on the island since 1898,[1] with the exception of city emergency vehicles (ambulance, police cars and fire trucks), city service vehicles and snowmobiles during winter.

I think several other small resort areas in North America, and perhaps elsewhere, have similar restrictions in place.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Car-free_zones_in_the_United_States lists 18 "car-free zones" but not all of the pages contain good sources for this.


[1] "What happened to a place in Michigan when cars were banned for 115 years?" Bike Delaware

  • Does this answer the question, which was specifically about ICE-powerdled vehicles?
    – bishop
    Jun 20, 2022 at 3:58
  • 1
    @bishop If ICE is included in all motorized vehicles than yes. However this example still allowed for ICE emergency vehicles so maybe no. But over time this question is likely only to be getting more and more answers. I'll come back in 10 years and see what I can say. Jun 20, 2022 at 6:00
  • The first link opens just on the picture of a yacht with internal combustion engine. The question was about banning the engine not just a single type of vehicle using that engine.
    – FluidCode
    Jun 20, 2022 at 10:36
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    @bishop According to the article, Mackinac Island has not totally banned ICE, but has severely restricted them. It seems to me that this is relevant, even if it is not a total ban. Jun 20, 2022 at 13:09
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    +1 There is also a Wikipedia page for car-free places around the world: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_car-free_places Jun 20, 2022 at 20:14

Zermatt, a ski resort town in Switzerland, bans ICE vehicles, but allows businesses to have electric vehicles. See This town banned cars (except tiny electric ones) by Tom Scott.


Tresco in the Channel Islands (UK) is car-free

Tresco is a car-free island. Electric vehicles are used to transport overnight visitors to and from Tresco Heliport and from the various quays, and a few golf carts are available for disabled visitors.

Tresco is 297 hectares in size with a population of around 175 (in 2011) and is administered for the Crown by the Duchy of Cornwall. It is leased to the Dorrien-Smith estate, which runs it as a timeshare business. The Dorrien-Smith family held the position of Lord Proprietors of the Scilly Islands between 1834 and 1920. I believe the ban has been in place for many years and was not originally due to climate change.


Here is the overview of multiple car free islands in North and Baltic seas.

These islands are small enough that using cars as typical would not make much benefit. Heligoland even bans also bicycles (source). Simply everything is easily accessible on foot.

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