I was reading about the 2018-2019 Swedish government crisis and something caught my interest.
The short story is that after the 2018 general election, the Swedish parliament took almsot 4 months to elect a new government - a historically long record for the country.
During this time, the incumbent government was ousted by a no-confidence vote right after the election, meaning that they have to serve in caretaker capacity until its successor is elected. The Swedish constitution also prevents the government from dissolving the parliament for the first three months after the election (Chapter 3, Article 11) to prevent bad-faith dissolution by a losing government.
The question then becomes, what happens when the Swedish parliament took longer than three months to elect the new government (as is the case during the government crisis)? Is the caretaker government allowed to dissolve the parliament?
It would seem highly undemocratic if the caretaker government is allowed to do this since it has lost the confidence of parliament. Not to mention that the parliament could still potentially elect the caretaker government's opponent as new government. Perhaps the Swedish constitution simply did not expect this scenario to happen?
TLDR: Can the Swedish government dissolve the parliament while serving as caretaker government?