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According to US law they can arrest people for money laundering even if the money was laundered outside of the US.

Here's Russian opposition leader Alexei Navalny's old statement:

The West plays along. Countries like Switzerland or Britain offer a safe haven. Although all these countries have laid down rules to fight international corruption, the reality looks slightly different. For years now I’ve been trying to make them cooperate: the FBI, public prosecutors in Germany and Switzerland, the Serious Fraud Office in the UK... All in vain. The European media complains a lot about the Russian mafia and corruption. I keep telling them "open up a case — at least one!" But nothing ever happens.

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    Have any Russian billionaires been arrested for corruption or money laundering during the Ukraine war? I don't know of any.
    – F1Krazy
    Jun 27, 2022 at 6:39
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    I know the US loves extraterritorial laws, but it's a bit doubtful they'd care about any odd money laundering worldwide. Please provide a reference to said law. (And yeah Navalny may also be misunderstanding [or even purposefully exaggerating] the reach of these laws.) Jun 27, 2022 at 12:05
  • Looking at the interview Navalny seems aware that those laws would only apply if a US company was involved in the corruption act. And likewise for EU ones, because he says e.g. "There are also many indicators of other criminal acts: suspected insider trading at the Sberbank and the VTB bank, both listed on the European stock market. If true, that would be an infringement on Russian and European law. " Jun 27, 2022 at 12:13
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    @F1Krazy: It looks like the US did charge one Konstantin Malofeyev (in April 2022) for evading sanctions justice.gov/usao-sdny/pr/… But he is in Russia, so not arrested. Jun 27, 2022 at 15:48

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There's an old joke about a new priest/rabbi/mayor talking to an old one. "Your congregation does everything you ask them to! What's your secret?" "I never ask them to do anything that they wouldn't do"

Political powers generally try avoid making demands that they know will be ignored. It makes them look weak and powerless, which is a look they don't like. This is not universally true - in certain situations demands will be made in order to specifically elicit a rejection for propaganda purposes - but in general it's something that is avoided.

Western governments have very little power to compel wealthy Russian citizens to do anything that Russia and the citizen don't want to do. So the governments weighed the costs of making futile complaints and decided it was not worth the costs.

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    What's not explicitly noted here is that Russia generally refuses to extradite its citizens for prosecution overseas. You can file charges against a Russian oligarch, but those charges are only symbolic if you can't get your hands on that person. Unless you expect them to travel somewhere that will extradite them, there's little point in filing charges.
    – bta
    Jun 27, 2022 at 23:14
  • @bta and if such charges were around, any targeted oligarchs would certainly sail their yachts to countries that were safe, so you'd never catch them
    – Hobbamok
    Jun 28, 2022 at 7:29
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How do you arrest citizens of another country for doing an alleged crimes in that another country, unless that country opens a court case and asks you to extradite them?

In this case, Russian billionaires are allegedly guilty of corruption inside Russia. The money laundering clauses sound more promising (it is often an international crime), but it's also very hard to prove.

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    Quite a lot of countries do have civil rules about the provenance of money spent in their country which are slightly easier to exercise, the down side being that the strategy only seizes the assets, which in the case of oligarchs is already happening through the action of sanctions. theguardian.com/law/2020/dec/21/…
    – origimbo
    Jun 27, 2022 at 9:38
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    If Russia does not cooperate in gathering evidence, then such a process would likely turn into a witch hunt, not unlike Stalin's public processes where the accused were pleading to have themselves "shot like rabid dogs". I just don't see how it can work non-ironically. Yes you can have some well-formed money laundering cases, but these usually result in fines, not imprisonment. If you send Russian billionaires to prison for the same stuff HSBC got a slap on a wrist - it's a witch hunt once more.
    – alamar
    Jun 27, 2022 at 11:24
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    How do you arrest citizens of another country for doing an alleged crimes in that another country — you wait until they set foot on your soil, and then arrest them.
    – gerrit
    Jun 27, 2022 at 13:53
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    @gerrit Soviet school of law, always so strong.
    – alamar
    Jun 27, 2022 at 16:01
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    @AmiralPatate: Universal jurisdiction does not exist because a country gives itself jurisdiction. That is an abomination that leads to war.
    – Joshua
    Jun 28, 2022 at 16:31
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It's not entirely true that US (or EU) did nothing. In the interview you're quoting from, Navalny e.g. gives the example of "oligarch" Roldugin (as both friend of Putin and corrupt). But his businesses were investigated (at least in the EU) prior to Navalny's 2016 interview, e.g.

All the transactions were executed through Ukio Bankas in Lithuania, where about half the Troika Laundromat companies are known to have held accounts. Lithuanian regulators shut Ukio in 2013, alleging poor asset quality and compliance. The bank’s principal shareholder, Vladimir Romanov, absconded to Russia. In 2014, the Russian government officially refused to extradite the banker to Lithuania.

Furthermore, I think you (and possibly Navalny as well) are exaggerating the scope of US laws. Criminal investigations for corruption abroad e.g. under FCPA need involve at least a foreign company with a US subsidiary. The US administration is entitled by other laws (Magnitsky Act, IIRC) to sanction foreign individuals it deems corrupt (by freezing their assets in the US), but that [alone] doesn't give basis for initiating a criminal investigation (in the US) against those same individuals.

N.B. looking more closely at what's sanctionable under the Magnitsky laws, it's only connection with human rights abuses, so not even corruption per se. It is more tenuous to sanction business people for being connected to Putin's government and thus (indirectly) to human rights abuses thereof, which probably explains why there wasn't a US "‘KleptoCapture’ task force" targeting Russian oligarchs before the war.

On the other hand, there is however a (newer) 2020 US act that does seem to allow sanctions for corruption alone "Section 7031(c) of the Department of State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 2020", and this was already used last year (well against Ukrainian "oligarch" Kolomoyskyi), but this law is limited by its wording to barring entry into the US thus allowing less of a punishment than even freezing assets, let alone criminal prosecution.

As far as I recall US immigration law already allows barring entry for "moral turpitude", so probably the only real goal of the 2020 law is to enable public announcements shaming the targets even if they don't actually intended to enter the US.


By the way, somewhat contradicting a comment under the Q, it looks like the US did charge one Russian "oligarch" Konstantin Malofeyev for evading sanctions. The DOJ claims that Malofeyev

conspired with Hanick and others to illegally transfer a $10 million investment that MALOFEYEV had made in a United States bank to a business associate in Greece, in violation of the sanctions blocking MALOFEYEV’s assets from being transferred.

But the indictment also notes Malofeyev is in Russia, so not arrested. The facts imputed date back to 2014-2015. Also, this was a sealed indictment. We know it was unsealed in April 2022, but we don't know exactly when it was filed (sealed). But "December 2018" also appears mentioned in the indictment (as the end date of a conspiracy charge), so the indictment had to be issued at some point after that. (N.B. Hanick was arrested [in London] "in early February of this year — just weeks before Putin launched his balky blitz of Ukraine".)

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Your position that all russian billionaires are war criminals and friends of Putin is incorrect. All politicians in almost every country are corrupted. And the global vector is to destroy upper and middle class (in all countries) and to enforce control on lower class.

I work in large russian holding, which obeyed US and EU sanctions from 2014, but owner was recently included in sanction lists and had his yacht expropriated. He was not connected to Putin at all, of course he had another citizenship and of course he even didn't live in russia (not tax resident). Who cares?

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    Maybe he should not been so keen on obeying US and EU. Now he's a bad guy for both sides.
    – alamar
    Jun 27, 2022 at 20:02

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