The BBC reports that (for the 2nd time since 2017) "North Korea fires ballistic missile over Japan". The missile fell into the Pacific ocean.

I'm guessing there are some treaties on the maximum height national airspace extends to, otherwise countries (which do have such ASAT capabilities) would be shooting down unfriendly spy satellites above their territory all the time.

So, what are the internationally accepted rules for ballistic missiles' trajectories?

  • 1
    I know from that BBC piece that North Korea is prohibited by a UNSC resolution from certain kinds of missile tests. I'm asking what the general rules would be, for other countries. The BBC also claims that "Flying missiles towards or over other countries without any warning or consultation also contravenes international norms." but doesn't get into details on those norms.
    – Fizz
    Oct 4, 2022 at 17:26
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    Regarding the height of national airspace, see here: aviation.stackexchange.com/questions/43439/… . The accepted answer is 5 years old, but still seems to apply. Oct 4, 2022 at 17:26
  • @CharlieEvans: interesting. So apparently the USA and USSR not shooting down each other's spy sats was an unwritten "gentlemen's agreement" (which didn't extended to manned spy planes.)
    – Fizz
    Oct 4, 2022 at 17:38
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    My guess would be that North Korea is the only country in the world that does that without getting an agreement from the country overflown first and everywhere else this is handled the same way as military aircraft flying over a foreign country.
    – quarague
    Oct 5, 2022 at 8:03
  • "otherwise countries ... would be shooting down" Not necessarily. Just because they would be allowed to do that (according to some rules), doesn't mean they have to do it all the time. They could simply tolerate it instead.
    – Trilarion
    Oct 5, 2022 at 9:26


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