There're lots of people who believe climate change is happening and think governments should take action to curb emissions.
Given that, it seems natural to welcome high fossil fuel prices - in fact, the higher the better. That's because high prices should dampen demand, which leads to less carbon emissions.
However, I see news articles such as this and this where countries are taking steps to cap/lower fossil fuel prices. This applies even when the government/political party say they consider climate change a major problem. Why?
The obvious explanation (and the one given by the US in one of the links above) is that they want to lower energy prices to lower Russian state revenue, which in turn makes Russia less able to prosecute the war in Ukraine. However, this explanation seems dubious because the US has tried to lower fossil fuel prices since before February 2022 (example).
Another possible explanation is that high fossil fuel prices does not lead to less carbon emissions, but I can't see why that wouldn't be the case. Demand for energy might be inelastic to some extent, but only to some extent (c.f. how world energy usage dropped during Covid).
The only other explanation I can think of is very cynical: the electorate support curbing emissions as long as someone else is paying for it. If they have to pay for it (by higher energy bills) then they don't support it anymore. By extension, governments (at least those that are democratically elected) must try to lower fossil fuel prices even if it leads to more carbon emissions.
I'm looking for an explanation why climate-conscious governments (and climate change activists for that matter) aren't welcoming high energy prices with open arms.