Austria and Switzerland are neutral which mean (as far as I understand) that they don't supply any military or double-target anything to the fighting countries, don't treat the wounded soldiers, etc.
Why I'm asking about this is because
- both countries supported EU sanctions against Russia and condemned Russia in the UN votes (which, even in Russian government's words) is a violation of neutrality; and it's indeed quite intuitively not a neutral stance
- both countries seem to accept Ukrainian refugees
- both countries seem to provide some kind of humanitarian aid to Ukraine (at least Austria)
- both countries produce some kind of military equipment that's being sold to other countries
- Finland, Sweden and Germany seem to have similar policies (either on full neutrality as in Sweden, or about warzone tabu as in Germany; not sure about Finland) but changed them after the Russian invasion
It was reported recently that Switzerland didn't allow Germany to supply the shells for Gepard tanks to Ukraine since they (or some component of them) were produced in Switzerland.
To me, this sounds hypocritical because they
- support the sanctions, vote in the UN, visit Kyiv, express concerns but don't really help in the most useful way;
- produce weapons but don't allow others to send the weapons simply having components that you co-produced
- don't fully align with their allies who are essentially shielding them: both countries are literally surrounded by the NATO members, so it's quite easy to support neutrality in such a case compared to, say, Finland.
So what is the rationale for maintaining this policy? Doesn't it have any internal opposition to being hypocritical? Doesn't it have any external opposition from their EU/NATO neighbors?
Germany, just like Austria, is an example of a country that increased its gas dependency on Russia (and thus financed its war machine) after the 2014 annexation of Crimea instead of imposing harsh sanctions. But now Germany is the 2nd largest supporter of Ukraine (after the US) in terms of total aid and they carry serious economic losses from the partial reversal of their energy dependency. They also changed their war zone policy. Austria is a very similar example, but they didn't change. I'm curious to understand why since it seems to be a tougher blow for Germany, and still the government took it.