Yes and No.
In law and legal rights of a person, rights are generally divide into two categories of Positive or Negative Rights.
A negative right is a right against the imposition of another entity and is a core tenat of classical Liberal Philosophy of Natural Law (I.E. if you are alone in nature, and can do such action, you have a negative right against the government imposition on that ability). An example of this can be found in the First Amendment of the United States Constitution, which imposes a restriction on congress from passing laws that violate a citizens right to speaking, publication, religious worship, public protest, and petitioning government for redress of grievances.
The Third, Fourth, and Fifth Amendments grant the citizens negative rights to personal property against government intrusion (By stopping quartering of troops, imposing burdens of proof for search and seizure, and by requiring fair payment and due process for taking of property).
A Positive Right is the opposite of this ideal. A person who has a positive right on another party when they have a right to receive a benefit from that party. Most financial transactions are an exercise of positive rights through contracts (If give a merchant a certain value of goods, I have positive right on that merchant to give me a product or service that is fair compensation for that value.).
As such, most governments less likely to recognize positive rights as they impose burdens on the people. That said, they do happen. Nations with open access to government documents establish that citizens have positive right to request and review government documents on the government. In another example, the people have a positive right to emergency services provided by the government to which the government may not refuse.
When positive rights exist, they often provide a burden to those who are obligated under the positive right. As such, while many nations will recognize a negative right to food, water, and shelter (that is, the government of a nation may not stop you from becoming a home owner, eating pineapple pizza, or drinking Cactus Juice (It'll Quench You), most governments will not recognize a positive right to housing/shelter, food, and drinking in that they will provide these goods to citizens. They may create programs to help get needed items to people, but they do not guarantee it. The only exception will be in the case of people in the custody of the government for whatever reason, as the government has a positive right to provide basic needs to those in it's legal care (usually, these are convicted criminals serving jail sentences).