The new Republican majority in the House of Representatives announced a set of bills concerning budget, taxing, and abortion, in terms and contents which seem to be red-line for Democrats.

Even if they pass each of these bills in the House, which I don't doubt they can, and considering the difficulty the previous Senate democratic 50-seat majority faced in order to pass their legislation, such as the "For the people act" (due in major part to the filibuster), is there any chance that the republican 49-seat minority pass these bills into law ?

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    I'm talking about these bills, the legislation the house republicans are proposing - see Section 5 of this resolution for examples rules.house.gov/sites/republicans.rules118.house.gov/files/… Jan 10, 2023 at 0:47
  • Great! If you're uncomfortable with the edit to the title feel free to edit further (or roll back). Sometimes folks can get hung up on "unclear what you are asking" or post an answer to the title only and ignore the body of the text (and comments).
    – uhoh
    Jan 10, 2023 at 1:06
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    @uhoh I was thinking more broadly of any "very-republican" legislation, not the particular set of bills they recently proposed, but this version is certainly better than the former one. And I realize the body of the question doesn't make that clear either... Jan 10, 2023 at 18:35

2 Answers 2


Unless they are passing something that Democrats and Biden agree on or they get them to agree on as part of a deal for other items it will be impossible. In order for any bill to pass and become law it needs to be passed by both chambers and signed by the president.

If the bill does pass both chambers but is vetoed by the president it would require a two thirds vote in both chambers to pass it and they can't get that in either chamber on their own.


At some point, the House and Senate are going to need to agree to raise the debt ceiling and to pass a new budget (to avoid a government shutdown). This gives the House a fair amount of leverage; they could (say) refuse to pass a budget that doesn't satisfy at least some of their priorities.

  • That is only one of the issues that they are trying to get passed and that need doesn't impact other bills they want.
    – Joe W
    Jan 10, 2023 at 1:47
  • In theory, they could hold the budget hostage for any reason, though it is more likely that they'll do so for budget-related things.
    – alphabet
    Jan 10, 2023 at 1:49
  • Sure, but the budget isn't the only thing on their agenda
    – Joe W
    Jan 10, 2023 at 1:50
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    They could certainly say "we'll only raise the debt ceiling in a bill that also restricts abortion and does 5 other things we want." Unlikely but very much possible.
    – alphabet
    Jan 10, 2023 at 1:52
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    @JoeW Biden is the president, so they'll just spin it as "Biden can't govern". It doesn't have to be congruent with reality. Jan 10, 2023 at 8:32

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