I am doing an assessment and I have to write about why having a stable government is attractive to illegal immigrants. I do not know what exactly a stable government is though. Does it refer to the system eg having parties or does it refer to the politicians not being corrupt or both? Or is it something completely different?
Stable first and foremost means just that: Not changing constantly. Some countries like Thailand or Mauritania go through a military coup every 10-20 years, sometimes even more frequently. The problem is not merely that new people are coming to power but rather that you can't even trust that a given government will be able to govern to the end of its term or that regular political processes (e.g. elections) will be allowed to run their course.
More benignly, the French fourth Republic has a bad reputation in France because governments seldom lasted more than a few months. After that, coalition members would disagree on something and look for new partners or demand some changes to the composition of the government. The transitions were peaceful and happened within the framework of the constitution of the time but it is still remembered as a period of instability.
And of course some governments that are very bad in other respects (e.g. corrupt, inefficient, autocratic and repressive) are still quite stable. But very often, power is highly personalized in such countries and the transition from one strongman to the next is not easy.
“Stable” could also be a short-hand to cover several other related ideas: Democratic, open, peaceful, not corrupt, etc.
I think it means "not changing"
- not likely to fall or give way, as a structure, support, foundation, etc.; firm; steady.
- able or likely to continue or last; firmly established; enduring or permanent: a stable government.
- resistant to sudden change or deterioration: A stable economy is the aim of every government.
- steadfast; not wavering or changeable, as in character or purpose; dependable.
- not subject to emotional instability or illness; sane; mentally sound.
- Physics. having the ability to react to a disturbing force by maintaining or reestablishing position, form, etc.
- Chemistry. not readily decomposing, as a compound; resisting molecular or chemical change.