In India, the Naxalites are various armed political groups with communist and maoist ideologies. They have been declared a terrorist organisation by the government of India. The Wikipedia article further states that for the past 10 years, it has grown mostly from displaced tribals and natives who are fighting against exploitation from major Indian corporations and local officials whom they believe to be corrupt.

How much support do the Naxalites enjoy among the population? The Indian countryside does house a sizeable population in deep poverty, and Dalits are not rarely discriminated against. Does this create a "breeding ground" on which people voluntarily join the naxalites or passively support their actions, or do they almost exclusively rely on extortion and violence to achieve their political goals?

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    From vague remembrances of Stratfor analysis, they enjoy a fairly solid base of support in certain areas.
    – user4012
    Jan 15 '13 at 14:53
  • Really? I'm the only person to think this question is worth an upvote? Jan 15 '13 at 20:43
  • Why the downvote?
    – gerrit
    Jan 17 '13 at 8:41
  • what exactly you mean by "Political goals" ?
    – Anish
    Jan 22 '13 at 17:44
  • @nani, by "political goals" I mean the goals expressed by the Naxalite movement, presumably to establish a communist state in the area where they are active.
    – gerrit
    Jan 22 '13 at 21:59

Interesting question.

They certainly do. Naxalism is an old and ongoing problem in several states of the country and many soldiers are still losing their lives because of this. Even yesterday, 4 Soldiers were killed and 3 were injured in a ambush that happened in Indian state of Chhattisgarh.

The fact why State or Central Government is not able to deal with this problem with an iron fist shows that not everyone is against them. They have enjoyed the support of local people in the areas where they are mostly active and it is said that many of the locals are also part of the ideology.

Though this thing might be slowly changing and these killings of soldiers is not doing them any good.

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