In modern China, Marxism is modified as the political ideology by the Chinese Communist Party to govern the party and the nation. The important concepts of Marxism, such as the ruling class and the ruling ideas, the material labor and the mental labor, superstructure and economic base, and the ideological state apparatuses, are used by the paramount leaders of People's Republic of China to create guiding socio-political theories which make up the Chinese Marxist Philosophy.

Two of the most important theories created by the leaders of China are: the Three Represents coined by the former leader of China, Jiang Zemin; and the Chinese Dream coined by Xi Jinping, the current General Secretary of the Chinese Communist Party.

These theories are sometimes mocked as "Lurxism" by Chinese netizens. The mockery is based on the historical idiom "Calling a deer a horse" that is from the story of the infamous Qin dynasty's bureaucrat Zhao Gao, as 'Ma' means a horse and 'Lu' means a deer.


Just how important is Marxism within the China political system, and did the Chinese government ever do something against that ideology? When I look at the Chinese government, I don't see an ideological government, but rather a group of rulers who are extremely pragmatic, so I was wondering if some of their decision went against their official ideology.


1 Answer 1


Far from an expert on Marxism, but I assume that the presence of such a list as this is straying pretty darn far from standard Marx:

China’s 100 Richest 2022

The combined wealth of China’s 100 richest plunged 39% to $907.1 billion from $1.48 trillion a year ago. The minimum net worth needed to make the cutoff for the 100 richest plummeted to $3.5 billion, down from $5.7 billion, the first drop since 2018 and the biggest decline ever.

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