I have been reading a lot on the rentier state literature and have noticed that papers published in the last two decades focus on the typical rentier cases such as Saudi Arabia or Venezuela. However, older literature used to mention Norway as an example, which was confusing to me because I always thought of rentier states as non-democratic countries that are resource-dependent, so I decided to research basic statistics about Norway that are often used to assess whether a country is a rentier state or not, and I was surprised by the descriptive characteristics of Norway.
First, one-third of citizens remain employed by the Gov't, oil currently represents 64% of total exports, 49% of total government revenues, 33% of its GDP, and the oil sector employs around 19% of residents in the country. If we apply the technical definition in the rentier literature, any country that relies on a natural resource for 40% or more of its government revenues is likely a rentier country.
Perhaps there is no rentier mentality amongst citizens in the same magnitude as Venezuela but surprised to learn that the country is still heavily-resource dependent.