Q: Since green is a color heavily associated with Islam, did any other Muslim-majority country accuse Libya of thematic appropriation, for instance?
I could find no record of controversy or objection from other Muslim-led countries.
Q: Did Gaddafi's choice to have a plain green flag for Libya result in any political consequences?
The green flag came to symbolize Gaddafi's political control against which the opposition could rally.
In the increasing opposition during the later years of Gaddafi's control, the National Conference for the Libyan Opposition (2005) adopted the "former Kingdom of Libya's flag" as their standard.
The unrest of the Arab Spring saw the outbreak of the Libyan civil war (2011). Anti-Gaddafi forces also adopted the former flag as a standard.
The plain green flag was a symbol of Gaddafi’s political control over Libya and the former flag represented freedom.
“He [Gaddafi] seemed to imply in his speech that he was Libya, that he made Libya … [but they wish to say] there was a Libya that fought for its independence and that was the flag of Libya before you took power in what you called a revolution.”
And, displaying the former flag of Libya became a rejection of Gaddafi's control.
Elfeituri said the choice of the older flag as a symbol of the revolution came from a sense of “nostalgia”, of a longing for the “good old days”, where, in particular, law and order were maintained.
He said the protesters “do not want anything to do with Gaddafi”, and the green flag is closely associated with the Libyan leader.
Those sentiments to be borne out by protesters against Gaddafi’s rule.
“It represents a free Libya [because] that’s how it was before he [Gaddafi] came along. We just want someone that will listen to us,” said Amina, a 22-year-old student in London at a protest in that city.