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According to the electoral reform society Nearly 1/3 of current members of the House of Lords were politicians before their elevation.

In the current House of Lords, 29 percent of peers were politicians before entering the Lords – with the majority being former MPs. A further eight percent of peers are former political staff or held senior positions in political parties.

What it does not mention and I can't see to find collected anywhere is how many of these Lords were, like Zac Goldsmith, politicians removed from the House of Commons by the electorate.

He was defeated at the 2019 general election, again by Sarah Olney, with a majority of 7,766 votes. After the election, Boris Johnson awarded Goldsmith with a life peerage, making him a member of the House of Lords and allowing him to retain his ministerial position.

How many MPs have lost their seat in an election and subsequently been promoted to the House of Lords?

1 Answer 1

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I wrote a script to whizz through the list of current members of the House of Lords on Wikipedia which produced the following list of 61 former MPs who subsequently lost their seat at an election, and who now sit in the Lords. Twenty-five represent the Conservatives, nineteen Labour, thirteen the Liberal Democrats, two the Democratic Unionist Party, one sits as a crossbencher, and one is non-affiliated.

I have noted the party they currently represent in the Lords rather than the party they represented in the Commons, as many have switched parties - particularly a lot of the Liberal Democrats who were previously members of Labour and then the SDP. Another example, Baron Horam, represented Labour, the SDP, and then the Conservatives in the Commons.

Notes:
1 - Constituency abolished, contested a different seat and lost.
2 - Lost their seat but were later re-elected to the Commons.
3 - Contested a different seat (old constituency not abolished) and lost.

Name Party in the Lords Date seat lost Date of Appointment
Michael Ancram2 Conservative Oct 1974, 1987 2010
Gavin Barwell Conservative 2017 2023
Michael Bates1 Conservative 1997 2021
Henry Bellingham2 Conservative 1997 2020
Nicola Blackwood Conservative 2017 2019
Keith Bradley Labour 2005 2006
Angela Bray Conservative 2015 2022
Lorely Burt Liberal Democrat 2015 2015
Matthew Carrington1 Conservative 1997 2013
Jenny Chapman Labour 2019 2021
Katy Clark Labour 2015 2020
David Clark2 Labour 1974 2001
Vernon Coaker Labour 2019 2021
Brian Cotter Liberal Democrat 2005 2006
Bryan Davies2 Labour 1979 1997
Nigel Dodds DUP 2019 2020
Alf Dubs Labour 1987 1994
Hugh Dykes Liberal Democrat 1997 2004
Graham Evans Conservative 2017 2022
Lynne Featherstone Liberal Democrat 2015 2015
Frank Field Crossbencher 2019 2020
Michael Forsyth Conservative 1997 1999
Zac Goldsmith2 Conservative 2016, 2019 2020
Bruce Grocott2 Labour 1979 2001
John Gummer2 Conservative 1974 2010
Alan Haselhurst2 Conservative 1974 2018
Helene Hayman Labour 1979 1996
Sue Hayman Labour 2019 2020
Robert Hayward Conservative 1992 2015
Robin Hodgson Conservative 1979 2000
John Horam Conservative 1983 2013
David Hunt Conservative 1997 1997
Stewart Jackson Conservative 2017 2022
Oona King Labour 2005 2021
Timothy Kirkhope Conservative 1997 2016
James Knight Labour 2010 2010
Susan Kramer Liberal Democrat 2010 2010
Norman Lamont1 Conservative 1997 1998
John Lee Liberal Democrat 1992 2006
William McCrea2 DUP 1997, 2001, 2015 2018
Tom McNally Liberal Democrat 1983 1995
Francis Maude2 Conservative 1992 2015
Gillian Merron Labour 2010 2021
Colin Moynihan Conservative 1992 1997
Michael Morris Conservative 1997 2020
Chris Patten Conservative 1992 2005
David Prior Non-affiliated 2001 2022
Margaret Ritchie Labour 2017 2019
Bill Rodgers1 Liberal Democrat 1983 1992
Ted Rowlands2 Labour 1970 2004
Ruth Smeeth Labour 2019 2022
Angela Smith1 Labour 2010 2010
Nicol Stephen Liberal Democrat 1992 2011
Dick Taverne Liberal Democrat Oct 1974 1996
Ann Taylor2 3 Labour 1983 2005
John Thurso Liberal Democrat 2015 2016
John Tomlinson Labour 1979 1998
Graham Tope Liberal Democrat Feb 1974 1994
William Waldegrave Conservative 1997 1999
James Wharton Conservative 2017 2020
Ian Wrigglesworth Liberal Democrat 1987 2013
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