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My question is about the US presidential election. I read that the Electoral College consists of 435 electors, 100 senators and 3 others. Are the 435 electors the members of the House of Representatives? If No, then what will happen to these 435 electors after they elect the US President?

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  • Since Congress certifies the ballots of the electors, wouldn't that mean that they're certifying their own actions?
    – Barmar
    Jan 13 at 18:29
  • 3
    Remember if you ever say "I read that..." I will demand you tell everyone exactly where you read it.
    – James K
    Jan 13 at 22:24
  • Article II of the US Constitution explicitly forbids electors being members of Congress: "Each State shall appoint, in such Manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a Number of Electors, equal to the whole Number of Senators and Representatives to which the State may be entitled in the Congress: but no Senator or Representative, or Person holding an Office of Trust or Profit under the United States, shall be appointed an Elector." Jan 16 at 9:03

3 Answers 3

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No.

There is the same number (plus 3 for Washington DC), but they are NOT the members of the House or Senate.

https://www.archives.gov/electoral-college/about

How many electors are there? How are they distributed among the States?

The Electoral College consists of 538 electors. A majority of 270 electoral votes is required to elect the President. Your State has the same number of electors as it does Members in its Congressional delegation: one for each Member in the House of Representatives plus two Senators. Read more about the allocation of electoral votes.

The District of Columbia is allocated 3 electors and treated like a State for purposes of the Electoral College under the 23rd Amendment of the Constitution. For this reason, in the following discussion, the word “State” also refers to the District of Columbia and “Executive” to the State Governors and the Mayor of the District of Columbia.

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Are the US presidential electors the members of House of Representatives?

No.

I read that the Electoral College consists of 435 electors, 100 senators and 3 others

Either you misunderstood your source or it is incorrect. The number of electors is equal to the number of representatives plus the number of senators plus 3, with the 3 being the one representative and two senators that would represent the District of Columbia in congress if it were a state. But no senator or representative may be an elector.

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If No, then what will happen to these 435 electors after they elect the US President?

Nothing.

Their job is complete and they cease to be electors after they go to their local statehouse and cast their electoral votes, a few weeks after the last day for voters to cast their voters on the first Tuesday after the first Monday of November in a Presidential election year.

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