In the past decade there has been a constant rise of nationalism in European politics, with nationalist parties gaining popularity in almost every member of the European Union. The canonical example is Jean-Marie Le Pen's Front National in France, that won 15% of the overall vote in the 2011 cantonal elections, under Le Pen's daughter Marine. Other examples include:
- Greece's Golden Dawn entered the parliament for the first time in May 2012
- Finland's True Finns won 19.1% of the vote in the 2011 Finnish parliamentary election
While I understand that there each party may owe most of its recent popularity in localized, country specific reasons, there certainly seems to be a current wave of nationalism in Europe and I'm more interested in what the key factors for it might be, in a EU politics level.
The European sovereign-debt crisis seems like an obvious explanation and it's indeed brought forth by several authors as the most important factor, but I'm not qualified to assess whether that's true or not, or if is as significant as posited.
- Rising European Nationalism Is Destroying The Euro
- Rising European nationalism chills investors
- EU president warns against rising nationalism in Europe
- The Balkanization of Europe?
- True Finns keep Europe on national agenda
- Nationalist True Finns make gains in Finland vote
- Rise of Populist Parties Pushes Europe to the Right
- European Nationalism: Golden Dawn or Old and Gone?
- Is European Nationalism Dead?
- The Crisis of Europe and European Nationalism