Using measurements of majority-rule, human rights, liberties, gap between highest and lower classes, which is the most 'democratic' Arab country today?
Democracy is hard to quantify, so I am trying an argument from authority and base my answers on the assessments of an organization which knows far more about politics and did far more research than me.
The Economist Intelligence Unit is a think tank which compiles an annual democracy index where they assign a democracy rating to each country. Factors considered in their rating system are:
- electoral process and pluralism
- civil liberties
- functioning of government
- political participation
- political culture
The rating is a number between between 10.0 and 0.0.
- 8.0 and above is considered a "full democracy" (24 countries)
- 7.9 to 6.0 a "flawed democracy" (52 countries)
- 5.9 to 4.0 a "hybrid regime" (39 countries)
- below 4.0 an "authoritarian regime" (52 countries).
The 2014 results of the arab countries ordered from worst to best were:
Syria 1.74 Saudi Arabia 1.82 Sudan 2.54 U.Emirates 2.64 Yemen 2.76 Bahrain 2.87 Djibouti 2.99 Oman 3.15 Egypt 3.16 Qatar 3.18 Comoros 3.52 Jordan 3.76 Kuwait 3.78 Libya 3.80 Algeria 3.83 Morocco 4.00 Mauritania 4.17 Iraq 4.23 Palestine 4.72 Tunisia 6.31
Source for these numbers: wikipedia
As you can see, the EIU considers Tunisia by far the most democratic of the Arab countries, but still only a "flawed democracy" and still far away from a "full democracy".
For comparison some numbers from some non-arab countries:
North Korea 1.08 (lowest in the world) China 3.00 Russia 3.39 Brazil 7.38 India 7.92 United States 8.11 Germany 8.64 Norway 9.93 (highest in the world)