Questions tagged [brexit]

For questions regarding Britain's exit from the European Union, popularly termed 'Brexit'. Use with the [united-kingdom] and [european-union] tags, depending on which parties your question refers to.

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179 views

Why did the UK not trade more with countries outside the EU?

The UK is leaving the EU in the process called Brexit. For companies in the UK, the interaction with customers in the EU will become more difficult for the customer. I suspect that it also becomes ...
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Data retention for EU citizens travelling between UK and EU during Brexit transition/implementation period [migrated]

Context: I'm an EU citizen studying in the UK. When I travel to my home country in the EU (for example through a direct flight or by train), and then return to the UK, some of my personal information ...
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1answer
293 views

Can the Scottish Parliament pass a law to stop labeling anything in imperial?

As expected, The PM has responded with 'No' to a second Scotland referendum. I was wondering what Scotland can do to 'protest' that and as per a discussion on my previous question (What can Scotland ...
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1answer
449 views

What are the Brexit steps for 2020 and beyond?

As I understand it, Brexit and the start of the transition period on January 31st, 2020, still require the approval of the UK Parliament. This is generally assumed to be certain, given Johnson's ...
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1answer
430 views

Brexit deal and the EU national governments

Once the Brexit deal has finished going through the UK parliament, does it still have to be ratified by the national government of each EU member or has it already got past that stage?
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1answer
2k views

Liberal Democrats (UK) on exiting the EU: 2008 vs. 2019

In the late 2000s, the Liberal Democratic party wanted a referendum on whether or not the UK should stay in the EU. A decade later, they did not merely want a second referendum, but they wanted to ...
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1answer
222 views

A tale of two referenda: 1975 and 2016

In 1975, the Labour Party was famously split over the question of remaining in the EEC. While the party took no official position, those on the left of the party such as Michael Foot and Tony Benn ...
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1answer
111 views

Where did the withdrawal agreement extension mechanism come from?

The withdrawal agreement stipulates that the UK government or the EU have the option, before but not after 1 July 2020, to ask for an extension of the transition period for one or two years. This is ...
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0answers
147 views

How did the Asians vote in the “double digit” Asian-minority areas in the Brexit referendum?

I found two competing narratives on the Asian minorities vote in the Brexit referendum. The simple overall picture: Two thirds (67%) of those describing themselves as Asian voted to remain And ...
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1answer
186 views

Is there a more in-depth explanation why Asians in (Greater) London voted to leave the EU, breaking with the national trend for ethnic minorities?

A ward-level BBC analysis of the 2016 EU referendum pointed out these patterns of Asian vote in London, breaking with the national trend: White populations were generally more pro-Leave, and ethnic ...
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Why did a decent number of London constituencies vote to Leave?

London has been seen as a Remain stronghold. However, I see that there are a decent number of London constituencies which voted to leave (eg: Carshalton and Wallington, Croydon Central, Uxbridge and ...
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199 views

Does Boris Johnson’s new negotiated withdrawal agreement mandate customs checks between Northern Ireland and the rest of the UK?

The new Withdrawal Agreement negotiated under Boris Johnson’s leadership has constantly come under scrutiny about whether or not the agreement when implemented would necessitate customs checks between ...
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229 views

How has the Brexit process affected eurosceptic movements in other European countries?

The rocky and unpredictable state of the Brexit negotiations over the past three and a half years seems to have had an effect on the level of support for the EU, with 68% of respondents across the ...
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1answer
169 views

What will the consequences of Brexit be on EURONEXT?

I know that this question doesn't make sense because "Brexit" is juridically a fuzzy concept. But I've heard that Euronext (which is related to financial products of France, Netherland,...) was ...
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3answers
227 views

Why didn't European Union Referendum Act 2015 require ministers to implement the referendum's majority outcome by secondary legislation?

Is "infamously" alluding some hoodwink or deviltry? Bradley, Ewing. Constitutional and Administrative Law (2018 17 ed). Emboldening on p 80.       Dicey famously observed that the ...
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84 views

Has the position of the NHS been considered in exploring the option of Brexit while remaining in the EU customs union?

I was watching Channel 4's What happens after a Brexit election?, in which one of the guest introduces the NHS: The Conservatives aren't having to answer questions about the details of their ...
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1answer
61 views

Does the consent process for the Revised Irish Protocol breach the Belfast Agreement?

The Belfast Agreement specifies that key decisions require cross-community support, and it specifies what this means. In the Revised Irish Protocol, staying in the protocol arrangement requires a ...
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1answer
146 views

In the Revised Irish Protocol, what would the nature of the Irish Sea border be?

In the Revised Irish Protocol, a customs and regulatory border would be erected between Great Britain and Northern Ireland if Great Britain wished to diverge in tariffs and/or goods regulations from ...
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5answers
1k views

Can the UK and the EU delay Brexit again?

That would be the fourth delay. But is it legally possible to delay Brexit again?
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1answer
310 views

Why did the Conservatives yield the Speaker chair?

I know it has been a tradition of sorts for the Speaker to alternate between the main parties, but isn't it rather dangerous for the Conservatives to have allowed a Labour MP (Hoyle) to become speaker,...
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4answers
3k views

Is there any evidence that the Brexit Party simply didn't have the resources to field as many candidates as they claimed?

After being rebuffed by the Tories a number of times in the offer to forge an alliance between their two parties, The Brexit Party, led by Nigel Farage, originally claimed to be ready to stand ...
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6answers
705 views

Will Brexit effect a linguistic change across EU?

I was reading the requirements for the ongoing "Horizon 2020" EU grants. It explicitly indicates that the vehicular language for these grants is English. Not only the application must be written in ...
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3answers
385 views

Why does the Remain Alliance not contest all Northern Ireland seats?

With its abstentionist policy, Sinn Féin cannot be counted as a remain party for the purpose of the election. Sinn Féin will effectively abstain in any voting on Brexit, while a remainer MP could vote ...
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3answers
255 views

Is it possible for the UK Parliament to create a legally binding referendum?

Throughout the Brexit saga, one thing I’ve heard repeatedly is that due to the principle of parliamentary sovereignty, referendums are not legally binding: Parliamentary sovereignty is a principle ...
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Can a 'Second Referendum' on Brexit contain three options?

Lots of people seem to be calling for a second referendum on the United Kingdoms status as members of the European Union. The Labour Party policy is to renegotiate a deal with the European Union and ...
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1answer
157 views

The Belfast/Good Friday Agreement and the revised Ireland/Northern Ireland Protocol

The revised Protocol on Ireland/Northern Ireland means Northern Ireland will stay in European Union Single Market regulatory alignment for goods, for a minimum of six years (four before the first ...
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1answer
107 views

Decisions vs recommendations in the Withdrawal Agreement

What is the distinction between a decision and a recommendation in the Withdrawal Agreement? Article 166 says decisions are legally binding. Are recommendations legal demands placed upon the ...
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1answer
169 views

In the revised Irish Protocol when would the first Northern Irish consent vote occur?

In Article 18 of the revised Protocol on Ireland/Northern Ireland (an annex to the Withdrawal Agreement), the Northern Irish Assembly is given the ability to consent or deny consent for the ...
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1answer
1k views

Was there a precedent of circumventing Commons supermajority requirement?

Background: current UK government led by prime minister Boris Johnson wants to call an early election. But Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011 requires 2/3 supermajority in Commons for that, which the ...
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2answers
268 views

Why has Macron/France insisted that the UK must nominate a commissioner?

According to some Elysee officials quoted by the Guardian All weekend, France took the initiative with Germany, Ireland, Donald Tusk’s team and a few other countries, to fix the terms of the ...
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2answers
254 views

Given the Kinnock amendment, is the Benn Act still legally effective?

According to one constitutional legal opinion, the Kinnock amendment makes the Benn Act impossible to satisfy: ‘The Prime Minister must seek … an extension of the period under Article 50(3) … in ...
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2answers
385 views

Haven't the DUP violated their confidence-and-supply arrangement?

One of the key points of the DUP-Tory agreement arranged in 2017 was that the DUP would support the Tories in key votes, including those on Brexit. However, to my memory, they have not supported the ...
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1answer
288 views

How does the Millenials' support for Corbyn square off with the anti-Brexit stance of most young people in the UK?

According to Yougov, among Millennials, Corbyn is the most popular politician in the UK (although he fares far worse among other age groups). At the same time, the youth is the most anti-Brexit/pro-...
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2answers
398 views

Why is Labour sticking with Jeremy Corbyn?

Labour under Corbyn has already lost two elections, including getting humiliating 13.7% in the European Parliament poll. One of the reasons for such an extremely poor result was Corbyn's confusing ...
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3answers
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Why is Macron seemingly opposing an article 50 extension?

Emmanuel Macron seems to be opposing Article 50 extension, according to Bloomberg: French President Emmanuel Macron blocked the European Union’s attempt to delay Brexit for three months, raising ...
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1answer
178 views

(UK) EU Withdrawl Act & The EU

I was reading somewhere that if the Withdrawal Act gets amended too much it's got to be referred back to the EU. Is there an arbitrary limit to the number of amendments that can be made before it has ...
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4answers
1k views

Can Parliament be compelled to let the UK leave the EU on October 31st?

Citizens cannot take Parliament to court to force it to hold a General Election, even when they believe that Parliament to have lost legitimacy. Can Parliament be compelled by the courts to not ...
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4answers
4k views

What does it mean to support the brexit deal but need more time to scrutinise it?

Reportedly, the House of Commons has approved a Brexit Deal but at the same time requested more time to scrutinise it, rejecting to pass it through Parliament in three days. I don't understand. How ...
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1answer
255 views

Who voted for the Brexit deal bill but against the timetable?

Breaking news is that the Brexit deal bill passed its 2nd reading, but the timetable ("program motion", which would have allowed Brexit by the 31st) failed. So who voted for the 2nd reading but ...
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1answer
960 views

What “king emperor” is Rees-Mogg referring to?

Responding to complaints about the tight schedule for the Brexit bill, Rees-Mogg said "A king emperor left in 24 hours, and we are removing an imperial yoke in over a week," he added. Clearly the "...
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Why does the passage the Letwin amendment “scrap the possibility of a meaningful vote on Johnson's deal”?

A lot of people have said that since the Letwin amendment has passed it has scrapped the possibility of there ever being a 'meaningful' vote on Johnson's deal. Why is this so?
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272 views

How can/will the EU respond to Boris Johnson's three letters? [closed]

In the words of the Guardian, The prime minister sent a total of three letters: an unsigned photocopy of the request he was obliged to send under the Benn Act, an explanatory letter from the UK’...
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1answer
156 views

After October 19th, can Boris simply do nothing, without ignoring any legislation, and just let the clock run down, to secure a no deal Brexit? [duplicate]

There's a lot of copy devoted to all kinds of clever ways and supposed machinations from both sides, leave and remain, to achieve what they want (whatever it is). The IfG has an article about how ...
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3answers
2k views

Will there be a vote in the Commons to decide the fate of Johnson's deal?

My understanding is that next week the parliament is going to have a vote which effectively decides the fate of Johnson's deal: if it passes, Brexit with a deal on 31 Oct or after a short extension ...
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99 views

What options do supporters of a confirmatory referendum have?

There is a considerable number of MPs who support a confirmatory referendum on the deal. What legal options do these MPs have now? If there are several possible strategies they can pursue, which one ...
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2answers
325 views

How can Brexit with a deal be done by Oct 31 if the EU Parliament doesn't meet until November 14?

According to the Guardian The European parliament will only ratify after the Commons has approved the deal. MEPs next sit on the 14 November, making 30 November a potential new Brexit day if the ...
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2answers
350 views

Can Johnson safely ignore the Benn Act assuming his deal passes next week?

What's the worst thing that can happen to Johnson or his government, legally, if he ignores the Benn Act (for now at least) given that he intends to bring legislation on the deal Tuesday, it seems? ...
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Why did the Government cancel Saturday's Brexit-deal vote?

I'm not sure I understand why the Government called off the Brexit vote today, after the Letwin amendment passed. The BBC reported After five hours of MPs debating the government's new Brexit deal ...
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1answer
148 views

Will the recent US tariffs against Scottish (and more generally UK) products cease to apply after Brexit?

The BBC has some details as to the list of products tariffed by the US as a result of the Airbus WTO ruling. Among these Single malt Scotch whisky According to the Scotch Whisky Association (...
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1answer
181 views

Can the UK make a no-deal “real Brexit” next year, even if the Johnson-EU deal is approved (by all involved)?

Some breaking news from the Guardian: The Tory Brexiter John Baron told the BBC this morning that ministers like Dominic Raab, the foreign secretary, and Michael Gove, the Cabinet Office minister, ...